Missouri v. Joseph Whitfield
939 S.W.2d 361 (Mo.banc 1997)
The evidence at trial, State v. Storey, 901 S.W.2d
886, 891 (Mo. banc 1995), reveals the following:
On January 20, 1988, Ronald Chester, a
paraplegic, picked up Maria Evans in his modified Lincoln to help him
run some errands. Chesterís wheelchair was in the front passenger seat,
and Evans sat in back. Alter completing the errands, Chester drove to
the area of Sarah and Hodiamont streets in St. Louis, where he spoke
with Joseph Whitfield.
Whitfield was accompanied by a young girl whom he identified as his
daughter. An unidentified woman approached Chesterís car, claimed to be
the young girlís mother, and asked Chester to take Whitfield and the
When Chester agreed to do so, Whitfield and the young girl climbed
into the rear seat of Chesterís car with Evans. Whitfield was seated in
the left rear behind the driverís seat, the young girl in the center
rear, and Evans on the right.
At Whitfieldís request, Chester agreed to stop at a liquor store and
then to take Whitfield to St. Ferdinand Street. When they arrived at St.
Ferdinand Street, Whitfield exited Chesterís car quickly, leaving the
young girl behind.
Chester, wanting to leave but not knowing what to do with the young
girl, waited for thirty to forty minutes for Whitfield to return. When
he did not, Chester returned to the area of Sarah and Hodiamont to look
for the woman who had claimed to be the young girlís mother. Unable to
find her, he returned to St. Ferdinand, all the while carrying Evans and
the young girl in his back seat.
Upon returning to St. Ferdinand, Chester parked in the same spot
where he had left Whitfield. After a few minutes, Whitfield returned to
the car, asked where Chester had been, and said that he would be just a
few more minutes. When Whitfield exited the car this time, Evans asked
him to take the young girl, but he refused.
He then walked along the street to a car parked on the opposite side
from, and one or two car lengths behind, Chesterís car. Charles Porter
and his girlfriend Linda Scott were in this car. At trial Scott
testified that they were in the neighborhood to have Varney Bolden, a
friend of Porterís, babysit Porterís and Scottís children. Porter was a
friend of Whitfield's, and Scott was acquainted with Whitfield.
Whitfield tried to obtain heroin from Porter and Scott, but Porter
refused to give him any because Whitfield had no money. Porter then gave
Whitfield a loaded .38 caliber pistol and said something, unclear from
the testimony, about ďthe guy in the car across the street,Ē namely
Whitfield left Porterís car and returned to Chesterís car,
reentering the back seat directly behind Chester. Evans was still in the
rear passenger side seat, and the young girl in the center. Whitfield
then struck Chester in the back of the head with the gun and struck
Evans in the forehead with the gun.
About the same time, Bolden walked up to Chesterís car and urged
Whitfield to shoot the two adults. Whitfield complied, shooting Chester
twice in the head, causing Chester to slump across the steering wheel,
and in turn causing the car to roll across the street and across the
Whitfield then Turned toward Evans, but Evans grabbed the young girl
and used her as a shield. Instead of shooting, Whitfield exited the car,
pulling the young girl with him. From the passenger side, he then fired
back into the car, at some point hitting Evans in the hand. Evans, hurt
but alive, played dead, and Whitfield, Bolden, and the young girl fled.
Officer Jerry Leyshock heard a report of the shooting on his police
radio and, having been previously acquainted with Whitfield, suspected
he might be involved. He went to Barnes Hospital to speak with Evans,
from whom he learned that the shooter and the young girl were named
ďJoeĒ and ďJodie.Ē
Bolstered by this information, Officer Leyshock and several other
officers went to a residence on Wells Street, where they located
Whitfield, Scott, and Jodie. After retrieving the gun from the
residenceís bathroom, the officers arrested Whitfield.