Jane Andrews (born 1967) is a one-time Royal
dresser for Sarah, the Duchess of York who was convicted of murdering
her lover Tom Cressman during a sensational trial in 2001 at the Old
Bailey that attracted much public interest, both due to the dramatic
circumstances of the killing and the story of the working-class girl
who mixed intimately with the rich and glamorous, though officially
only as a servant.
Andrews was born in Cleethorpes, North Lincolnshire, the youngest
of three children. Her father worked as a joiner and her mother was a
social worker. As a child, Andrews was promising and intelligent,
excelling in grammar school. But due to the family's debt, they moved
to a small townhouse in the nearby seaport town of Grimsby.
Throughout her teenage years, Andrews struggled with various
psychological problems, including depression, panic attacks, and an
eating disorder. At the age of 15, she attempted suicide by overdose
after her mother discovered her truancy. Two years later at age 17,
she became pregnant and had an abortion, which she claimed to be a
Since her childhood, Andrews aspired to leave her blue-collar roots
behind. She enrolled in a fashion course at the Grimsby College of
Art, and afterwards took a job designing children's clothes at Marks
and Spencer. However, at age 21, she answered an anonymous ad in The
Lady magazine for a personal dresser. Six months later, she
interviewed with Sarah, Duchess of York and began working for her at
Buckingham Palace four days later.
Despite a modest salary of only 18,000 euros, Andrews lived a
newfound opulent lifestyle, and she was able to purchase a new flat in
Battersea Park. It is alleged that Andrews stole approximately 250,000
euros worth of jewels from the Duchess' suitcases in 1995, although
these allegations were never proven. The job brought Andrews a higher
status and a new circle of friends; she was reportedly involved with
several men whom she met through work.
In August 1990, after a short courtship, Andrews married
Christopher Dunn-Butler, an IBM executive twenty years her senior. The
couple divorced five years later; Andrews cited that "pressures of
work" led to the couple's split, although Dunn-Butler cited multiple
counts of infidelity on Andrews' part. Andrews admitted to her
infidelity, saying that "I had a couple of flings. I'm not proud of
Following her divorce, Andrews met Dimitri Horne, the son of a
Greek shipping magnate. However, after a bitter breakup, Andrews
trashed the flat they shared. That brought Andrews into a deep
depression. She overdosed again but survived without seeking medical
During this time, it is alleged that the Duchess was having an
affair, with Tuscan aristocrat Count Gaddo della Gheradecsu. However,
he supposedly also had feelings for Andrews. Shortly after this
alleged fling, Andrews was dismissed from her job as the Duchess'
royal dresser. Although it is believed by some that this issue led
directly to Andrews' termination, Buckingham Palace officials state
there is no truth in this and that her departure was part of a
Relationship with Cressman
Andrews was introduced to Thomas Cressman, a former stockbroker, in
1998 by a mutual acquaintance. Cressman ran a successful business
selling car accessories, and mixed in the upper echelons of London
Due to her supposed financial hardships at the time, Andrews moved
into Cressman's flat in Fulham shortly into their relationship. She
got a job at the Claridge's Hotel in October 1999 as a PR manager, but
was forced to leave after only two months. For the next two years in
the couple's relationship, Andrews made it obvious that all her hopes
were pinned on Cressman as her future husband and father of her
In September 2000, Andrews accompanied Cressman on a holiday in
Italy and to his family's villa on the French Riviera. Andrews was
reportedly expecting Cressman to propose marriage to her during their
vacation, but Cressman told her that he had no intention of marrying
After returning to the couple's Fulham flat, the couple allegedly
got into a heated argument. Cressman had called police reporting that
"somebody is going to get hurt", but police never came to his
apartment. That night while Cressman was sleeping, Andrews smashed him
with a cricket bat and then stabbed him with a knife. Following the
bloody attack, Andrews fled the scene.
She contacted her ex-husband Christopher Dunn-Butler shortly after
killing Cressman, and then sent out text messages to friends inquiring
about her lover's whereabouts and well-being. She claimed to have no
involvement in Cressman's death and stated that he was being
blackmailed. After having been untraceable for days, police were able
to locate Andrews in Cornwall, England, where she was found overdosed
in her car. She once again survived her suicide attempt, and after a
police interrogation, Andrews was arrested for murder.
In May 2001, eight months after Tom Cressman's murder, Jane Andrews
went to trial at London's historic Old Bailey courthouse. Her trial
made international headlines. Prosecutors stated that the motive for
the killing was a woman scorned. Andrews, however, testified in her
own defense that Cressman had been abusive to her during their
relationship. She cited his sexual obsessions and an incidence from
two years earlier where she had broken her arm while dancing, stating
that Cressman had pushed her. She also claimed that she suffered abuse
during childhood, which led her to kill. After twelve hours of jury
deliberation, she was convicted of murder and sentenced to life in
In November 2009, after having served nine years in custody,
Andrews escaped from the East Sutton Park Prison in Kent, England.
After being an escapee for three days, she was captured in a hotel
room with her family just six miles away from the prison from where
she escaped. She was ultimately not charged with absconding. She is
still eligible for early release in 2012.
Duchess of York's killer aide Jane Andrews loses
her bid to be freed from prison
Jane Andrews, the former dresser to Sarah, Duchess
of York, who was sentenced to life for the murder of Thomas Cressman,
has been refused parole
By Tim Walker - Telegraph.co.uk
April 27, 2012
In what will undoubtedly come as a great relief to Sarah, Duchess of
York, her former dresser Jane Andrews has been refused parole.
“For the time being, she’s staying behind bars,” says Rick Cressman,
whose brother, Thomas, was stabbed to death by Andrews at the house
they shared in Fulham, west London, after being clubbed unconscious
with a cricket bat.
Mandrake disclosed in March that Andrews, who was a close friend as
well as an employee of Fergie for nine years, would appear before the
parole board at Send prison, near Guildford in Surrey.
A source at the parole board said Andrews could have been “released
back into the community” this month if her parole hearing was
successful. Rick says: “As a family, we’re relatively relieved to hear
that she’s not being hurried out, bearing in mind her lack of
His sister, Cathy, spoke to the members of the parole board to make
the family’s feelings known. “We find it hard to see how social
experts can suggest she is rehabilitated when she has shown no
remorse,” he says.
“We question her stability of character, but are
hopeful there is a way for her to find that remorse and, perhaps,
eventually rejoin society. As far as I know, she’s not being moved to
an open prison.”
Andrews, 43, was sentenced to life in prison for
the murder, which took place in 2000. Cressman had refused to marry
In 2009, she absconded from HMP East Sutton Park.
The Crown Prosecution Service said that, having considered psychiatric
reports on Andrews, she would not face charges for walking out of the
open prison. She was returned to custody two days later after being
found at a hotel a few miles away.
A Parole Board spokesman would not comment on
Andrews, but said: “Once a life-sentence prisoner’s minimum tariff has
been served, the only legal question which has to be answered is
whether or not the prisoner is a risk to the public.
Jane Andrews: Naked Ambition
By Peter Stubley
Jane Andrews was the Cleethorpes girl who wanted to
be a princess.
From humble origins as the plain daughter of a
carpenter and social worker she would eventually move in the highest
social circles in the land.
But ultimately her all-consuming desire to forge a
permanent role in the upper class world would destroy everything she
One of two children, Andrews was born in the sleepy
seaside Humberside town and later moved to Grimsby with her family.
By the time intelligent and promising Andrews took
her 'A' levels at the local grammar school she was already desperate
to escape south.
She began work designing children's clothes for
Marks and Spencer but spent her time spare time flipping through upper
crust women's magazines, dreaming of rubbing shoulders with royalty.
At the age of 21, her dreams came true when she
became the Duchess of York's dresser after replying to an advert in
'The Lady' magazine.
It provided her with a marriage in 1989 to
Christopher Dunn-Butler, who also worked for Sarah Ferguson.
The end of her first marriage
Five years later she divorced the computer expert
citing 'pressures of work.'
In1995 Andrews first hit the headlines when
£250,000 worth of jewellery was stolen from suitcases belonging to the
Duchess, which were supposed to be in her care.
The following year she was sacked - ostensibly as
part of a cost-cutting exercise.
Her life with the Duchess would remain an obsession
and she would endlessly tell family and friends of the hotels she had
stayed in - the grand suites at the Four Seasons in New York or the
Cippriani in Venice.
Deprived of the job she loved, Andrews was soon on
anti-depressants and her golden brown hair, once died red in imitation
of her former boss, began to fall out in clumps.
The failure revealed that underneath the designer
clothes and exclusive make-up Andrews was an unstable and intensely
insecure woman now desperate to escape spinsterhood.
She was also seeing a psychotherapist after she
made allegations of abuse as a child.
On New Years Eve, 1998, Andrews met dashing
millionaire's son Tom Cressman - the ultimate eligible bachelor.
His parents had made a fortune through the Bristol
Street Motors group and father Harry was a former director of Aston
Villa football club.
Playboy Tommy Cressman
Tom Cressman was becoming a wealthy man in his own
right, with a bespoke car cover business and a partnership with former
Formula One ace Sir Stirling Moss in a car polish enterprise.
The playboy hadthe image to match his wealth - one
of his eight cars was a classic 1963 scarlet Alfa Romeo Spider and he
kept a gorgeous 1960 Riva speedboat.
His status and group of friends would guarantee
Andrews the place the tables of the rich and famous she craved after
the loss of the Royal job.
Andrews tried to prise herself back into
high-profile career by taking the post of PR manager for London's
world famous Claridge's hotel in October 1999.
Inexperienced Andrews was a flop and forced to
leave after only two months to become a shop assistant.
Increasingly she became dependent on her 'Darling
Tommy' for financial assistance with the mortgage on her apartment in
Battersea as well as her social life.
But Mr Cressman had his own problems. The court
heard he was extremely close to mother Barbara after the divorce of
Although he had other women in his life, the jury
heard she was the only woman he felt completely comfortable with.
Mr Cressman also harboured an interest in
'adventurous' sexual fetishes, including bondage, spanking and anal
He could also be cruel - he would make no secret of
the physical and emotional imperfections he found in Andrews.
Despite his arrogance, Andrews saw him as her only
chance of securing her future happiness in high society and constantly
pestered him to commit himself to her above everything else.
She was desperate to prove wrong those who said
Tommy would never settle down and gave himan ultimatum of six months
to propose to her.
Mr Cressman later confided in a close friend that
Andrews was 'a pair of old slippers I cannot throw away.'
The months leading up to Mr Cressman's death were
their happiest times together.
Andrews fondly remembered how they went to look at
houses together in the Cotswolds.
She sounded like an excited schoolgirl as she told
the Old Bailey jury: 'Everybody kept on calling us Mr and Mrs
'He thought it was very funny and said "I like the
sound of that.'
But friends noticed how the 'ideal couple' swung
moodily from apparent devotion to pure spite against each other.
Dramatic love affair
There were also clues to the impending tragedy in
the hysterical answerphone message she left for her boyfriend
complaining about his lack of affection.
'Oh it's loonybin Janey, you don't give a toss if
I'm walking home at 1am.' she sobbed.
Another glimpse of her instability came at a dinner
party when Andrews made a crude remark about Tom's fondness for kinky
dressing up after drinking too much wine and he later had to make an
apology to her hosts.
Even her reserved ex-husband Mr Dunn-Butler, the
first person she called after the killing, admitted she was
'melodramatic' and 'liked to go on a bit.'
When fragile Andrews discovered Tommy had lied to
her about getting married and she found steamy e-mails to a woman in
America on his computer she saw her plans for the future in ruins.
Mr Cressman had dithered too long and Andrews
suddenly realised he was 'dangling a carrot in front of me and
pulling the strings.'
An idyllic holiday in Italy and the South of France
ended with a blazing row at the airport with Andrews refusing to board
She tearfully called friends telling them 'Tommy'
had finally told her he was not going to marry her.
'Somebody is going to get hurt'
They returned home to Maltings House in Bagley's
Lane, Fulham but another furious argument erupted the following day
and Mr Cressman called the police at 11.35am telling the operator:
'Somebody is going to get hurt.'
Police advised him to keep calm and no officers
As her boyfriend slept that night, Andrews stripped
naked to avoid staining her clothes with blood and stood before his
bed clutching a knife and his cricket bat.
She smashed him across the head with the bat then
stabbed her unconscious and helpless lover in the chest.
As Mr Cressman lay dying she returned to the room,
pulled out the knife and stabbed him in the chest again to finish him
Prosecutor Bruce Houlder, QC, said the killing was
a 'classic case of the jilted woman wanting revenge.’
'Anger and jealousy rose up in her and led her to
take a terrible revenge on the man she clearly loved.
'She was a friendly and decent woman who was so
transformed and frankly burnt up inside by her anger that she killed
Andrews walked from the room covered in blood and
drove towards Plymouth after scrubbing the blood from her skin.
She callex ex husband minutes after murder
The first person she contacted was Christopher
Dunn-Butler at 3.10am on Sunday,September 17, just a few minutes after
She then sent messages to friends denying all
knowledge of her lover's death and claiming he had been blackmailed.
Police found her at a lay-by on the A38 near
Liskeard, Cornwall after she had taken 40 headache pills in an
apparent suicide bid.
Andrews dressed in black from head to toe for every
day of her Old Bailey trial as if in mourning for the man with whom
she had so desperately wanted to share her life.
But faced with a life sentence, Andrews murdered
her dead lover's reputation just as surely as she plunged the knife
into his chest.
She wailed to the jury how she 'was the only one
who ever saw the other side of Tommy.'
Andrews claimed he forced her to have anal sex
'many times' in their affair - despite her abhorrence of the act.
On the night of his death she said he had tried to
rape anally and she had left the bedroom twice.
Each time she returned, first with a cricket bat
and then a knife to defend herself.
'He sais he was going to kill me'
She told the jury: 'He started hitting me and said
I had ruined him. He said he was going to f****** kill me.
'I just froze. He got hold of my hair and was
trying to hit me. I picked up the knife because I didn't want him
anywhere near me.
'We came together and the next thing I knew he was
on top of me.
'It must have gone into him. I crawled from
underneath him and ran out of the room.'
Her barristerJohn Kelsey-Fry QC claimed she was not
guilty of murder due either to provocation, diminished responsibility
because of her mentalillness, self-defence or a bit of all three.
On May 16 2001 the jury convicted Andrews on a
majority decision after 11 hours and 44 minutes deliberation.
The late Recorder of London, Judge Michael Hyam
said: 'In killing the man you loved you ended his life and ruined your
‘It is evident that you made your attack upon him
when you were consumed with anger and bitterness.
‘Nothing could justify what you did. It was a
brutal attack and even if you felt yourself wronged you were attacking
an unarmed man who had possibly been asleep a few minutes before you
‘After you had struck him first with a cricket bat
and then stabbed him with a knife you left him to die without
After the verdict Mr Cressman's father Harry said:
'I feel she is going to have the holiday she deserved.'
Andrews appealed against her conviction, claiming
she would not have murdered Mr Cressmanhad she not been repeatedly
sexually abused as a child.
Her claims were rejected.
Was it really murder?
Next month, former royal aide Jane Andrews will
appeal against her conviction for murdering her lover. Relentlessly
portrayed as a callous social climber, here she gives her account of
their tortured relationship and the hours that led up to the killing.
Report by Libby Brooks - The Guardian
August 30, 2003
The women on the wing already call her "Fergie's
bird", and now it's only going to get worse. It is October 9 2001, two
days before the transmission of Dressed To Kill, Channel 4' s
investigation into the trial of Jane Andrews, the former dresser of
Sarah Ferguson who was, five months previously, convicted of murdering
her boyfriend, Thomas Cressman, and sentenced to life imprisonment. In
the boisterous visiting room at HMP Bullwood Hall in Essex, where she
is currently serving her sentence, Andrews is perched at one of the
plastic table-and-chair sets, working her fingers anxiously. Her hair
is limp, her face pinched and pallid. She is in a state of extreme
agitation at the prospect of further media exposure.
Since her trial, a number of former friends and
lovers have given interviews, offering lurid addenda to the popular
account of the girl from Grimsby who rose to become one of the Duchess
of York's closest confidantes, before the loss of her job on the royal
staff precipitated a decline into romantic obsession and murder. Some
of her letters written from prison have already been passed on to the
Mirror by a former inmate. "Now every time I write a letter, even to
my mum, I have to think about each word and how it would look in a
newspaper." An unauthorised photograph of her attending a concert in
Holloway prison appeared in a number of tabloids. The film is a
nightmare, she says distractedly. She is worried about how her parents
will react. She talks about loyalty. "I could have given you a list of
all the people who would talk about me on camera." She says she knows
what people think of her. "I don't want sympathy. I just want
The headlines at the time of Andrews' conviction
were unequivocal. Dubbed "the Fatal Attraction killer", she was
portrayed as an unstable and emotionally manipulative individual, who
beat her boyfriend with a cricket bat and stabbed him through the
chest with a kitchen knife in a vengeful rage after he refused to
marry her. She was a gold-digger, it was said, who went on to lie in
court. Furthermore, she attempted to destroy Cressman's reputation by
detailing his interest in sadomasochistic sexual practices, and
claiming that, on the morning of the day he died, he had tied her up
and beaten and anally raped her.
Jane Andrews has never before spoken to the press.
But since our first meeting, through numerous visits and letters, and
through her solicitor, Andrews has provided the Guardian with a
detailed account of her life that may go some way to achieving the
understanding that she craves. Yet even the construction of this
account has been fraught with difficulties.
Inmates are normally forbidden to give interviews
to journalists under prison service regulations but, following a 1999
House of Lords ruling, they have a right to a visit from a media
outlet of their choice in exceptional circumstances. Having made a
number of informal visits, the Guardian applied for such an authorised
press interview, but the prison service deemed that our request did
not satisfy the criteria, because Andrews' appeal is ongoing (the
appeal against conviction, to be heard on September 23, is based on
"fresh" psychiatric evidence, strengthening the plea of diminished
responsibility). The prison service added: "In this case, Ms Andrews
has received a large amount of press exposure already and I am sure
you will agree that we cannot allow such a visit merely in order to
overcome any negative publicity."
But the fact is that all the publicity about
Andrews has been negative, and whenever she has attempted to press for
corrections she has been prevented - by the press complaints
commission, the prison service and the broadcasting standards
commission. She has had no opportunity to answer the significant
allegations made against her following the trial by those who claimed
to have known her. As a convicted murderer, the law of libel offers
her little protection. It would seem that a woman in Andrews' position
can be demonised at will, with no redress through the normal channels.
It is in this context that Andrews has decided that her only option to
correct some of this highly prejudicial coverage is to tell her side
of the story to the Guardian. She does so at considerable cost to
herself, since the prison authorities have now effectively barred her
from speaking to the press; punishment or loss of privilege may result
from the appearance of this article.
This is not a simple story, and Andrews herself is
not always a sympathetic witness. She appears a deeply damaged woman
who was, last year, diagnosed by a psychiatrist as suffering from a
borderline personality disorder. She can be a neurotic and frustrating
interviewee. And on other occasions, I witness a flash of the stylish,
engaging and independent young woman she once was. "She was so good to
know," one close friend told me. "You can't imagine how great it was
to be with her. But she never believed that she was loved."
Towards the end of her final dispatch from prison,
Andrews recounts an incident which, she says, occurred one afternoon a
few months before Cressman's death. The couple had yet to resolve an
argument from the previous night, in which Cressman had accused
Andrews of flirting with a friend of his. "I came in from work and the
dishwasher door was open. I remember thinking, 'About time, too, he's
started clearing up.' The next thing I knew I got hit from behind and
I went flying. He started kicking me round the kitchen. I was covered
in cuts and bruises.
"I had to go into work the next day. I said to Tom:
'What am I going to tell them?' and he laughed and said, 'Tell them
you fell off your bike, you stupid cow.' I must have sounded pathetic.
Why didn't I say anything to anybody? For the simple reason I didn't
think I'd be believed, I was ashamed, I felt a failure. People at work
would laugh and say, 'Tommy picks Jane up from work every night, isn't
it sweet?' No, it wasn't. It was so I couldn't go out with anyone
else. That's why I used to say, 'You push me back and forwards, Tom.'
I never knew where I stood with him. In front of other people he was
charming, but behind closed doors he wasn't."
Over the past 16 months, Andrews' resolve both to
take responsibility for her actions and to tell what she believes to
be the truth about her life with Cressman has strengthened. She
insists that she does not consider herself an innocent victim. "I've
caused all this heartache and grief to so many people and there is
absolutely nothing I can do about that. To even say the word 'sorry'
is so feeble, insignificant. But I am. I'm a much stronger person now,
and if I was given the chance I could talk about things that I was
incapable of talking about at the trial. That doesn't mean I'm trying
to blame anyone else for Tom's death. I was responsible and I have to
live with that every second of my life. I just want people to
understand what has happened and hopefully make some sense of it."
Jane Andrews was born in north Lincolnshire in
1967, the youngest child and only daughter of the family. Her brothers
were five and three years older than her. Jane's father worked as a
joiner, but was seldom in full-time employment. Her mother first
trained as a social worker, then as an infant school assistant, and
was the main breadwinner for the family. The marriage was not a happy
one, a situation compounded by their frequently dire financial
straits. By the time Jane was eight, debt had forced the family to
sell up and move to a small townhouse in Grimsby with no bathroom and
an outside toilet.
"From an early age I was aware that things were not
right at home. My parents were always arguing. I remember shouting.
But they were very proud. I remember one day we didn't have enough to
buy a loaf of bread and Mum had us looking down the sides of the
settee and in our coats for money to scrape together. I was brought up
in an environment of keep it in the family. Don't let the relatives
think that we're anything other than comfortably off."
When she was 15, Andrews took an overdose,
consuming the contents of the bathroom cabinet after social services
informed her mother that she had been playing truant. Her mother found
her collapsed in bed. "I was fading in and out of consciousness, but
they didn't call for help or take me to the hospital. Keep it in the
family, another thing."
As a teenager, Andrews' psychological state became
prone to severe fluctuation, as she struggled with bouts of
depression, panic attacks and a recurrent eating disorder. From the
age of 15, when she embarked on her first sexual relationship, Andrews
established a pattern that she says has sustained throughout her life.
"I would sleep with someone, possibly on the first date, because I was
frightened if I didn't they would go. I allowed men to do anything
they wanted to me." Her chronic fear of abandonment, abysmal
self-esteem and extreme insecurity resulted in a dependence on
intimate relationships, a number of which she says were characterised
by incidents of violence and sexual practices that left her feeling
degraded and worthless. Such a pattern is a core feature of borderline
personality disordered individuals.
Andrews' continual truancy had taken its toll on
her school work, and she left with three O-levels to study fashion at
the local technical college. At 17, she fell pregnant and had an
abortion, which traumatised her greatly. Then, at the age of 21, while
working as a sales assistant for Marks & Spencer in Grimsby, she
answered an anonymous advert for a personal dresser in the Lady
magazine. Six months later, out of the blue, came a summons for an
interview with the Duchess of York. The pair struck up an immediate
rapport and Andrews was offered the position. She started in July
"I was running away from all the horrible things in
my past that Grimsby represented. I arrived at King's Cross with a
suitcase and £10 in my pocket. I got in a taxi and said, 'Side door of
Buckingham Palace' and the driver made a joke. One of the housemaids
met me and took me up to my room, and there was a little posy of
flowers from Fergie and a card that said, 'Welcome to the team, the
The Duchess was heavily pregnant with her first
daughter, Beatrice. Andrews loved the job, though she found it
increasingly demanding. During her trial she was depicted as a devious
social climber, in thrall to the glamorous and sophisticated circles
she now found herself mixing in. It was suggested that she became
besotted with her royal employer, mimicking her dress sense, accent
and even her hair colour.
"I was a country bumpkin," she admits. "Suddenly I
was at Balmoral mixing with the royals, having long chats with
Princess Diana. I was 21 years old and of course I enjoyed it. If my
accent changed it was only because people made fun of the way I said
'bath' and 'grass'. Fergie was headstrong, but she was good to me."
In April 1989, Andrews met Christopher Dunn-Butler,
an IBM executive who was 21 years her senior. Within three months of
meeting her, he proposed and they married in August 1990. "He was a
very happy-go-lucky guy. I so wanted to be loved. Even though I was
self-sufficient - I had my own car, my own money, everything - I just
craved someone to take care of me."
But after a few years the marriage foundered.
"There was no physical relationship any more and we were more like
good friends. I had a couple of flings. I'm not proud of it." Then, at
a charity function organised by the Duchess, she met Dimitri Horne, a
Greek shipping magnate. They fell in love and Andrews finally left her
husband to live in a flat that the Duchess had rented for her.
The bond between the two women was strengthened by
the breakdown of Sarah Ferguson's own marriage. Andrews was one of her
few remaining servants, and took on extra responsibilities. She
travelled around the world with her and became privy to her affairs
and confidences. In the introduction to one of her travel books, the
Duchess included a warm thanks to her assistant "whose loyalty and
kindness knows no bounds".
Meanwhile, Andrews' relationship with Horne had
also run into difficulties. Horne gave a statement to the police
claiming that Andrews had trashed his flat when he told her that he
wanted to end their affair. Andrews admits that her behaviour at the
time was erratic. "I was so angry, I took our photographs down. On the
mantelpiece in the living room was a cup and saucer that I knew was
very special to him and I smashed it. I went through his journal with
a black marker pen and blanked out all the references to myself. I
picked up his telephone and smashed that as well. I'm ashamed of what
I did. I've never done that to anyone else's possessions." She also
admits that she cashed a cheque from his brother's chequebook,
although she insists that this was in recompense for a sum that Horne
had borrowed from her.
Andrews took another overdose, but again survived
without medical intervention. Her feelings of worthlessness found a
new focus when, in November 1997, she was unexpectedly made redundant.
There was some speculation that she was sacked after an Italian
admirer of the Duchess expressed an inappropriate interest in her,
although palace officials insisted that there was no truth in this and
that her departure was part of a cost-cutting exercise.
Andrews was devastated and sank into a deep
depression, losing a substantial amount of weight. She felt that she
had been badly treated by the Duchess, who did not tell her the news
in person and who, she alleges, only a few weeks before had told her,
"I'll never get rid of you, you're with me for life." She had some
difficulties finding other employment, but eventually secured a
position working in the silver department of the Knightsbridge
jewellers Annabel Jones.
Andrews was introduced to Thomas Cressman by a
mutual acquaintance in August 1998. The 39-year-old former stockbroker
ran a successful business selling car accessories, and mixed in the
upper echelons of London society. One of his partners was Stirling
Moss, and his American father, Harry, who had built up the biggest
chain of Ford dealerships in Europe, was a former director of Aston
Villa football club. Andrews found Cressman charming and charismatic.
He drove her home and insisted on seeing her the following night. She
had arranged to go to Greece with some girlfriends, but he called her
every day she was abroad, sending her a huge bunch of red roses on her
return. She was, she laughs, swept off her feet.
In court, Cressman was described as an urbane and
well-connected character, a confirmed bachelor who loved fast cars,
boats and Tintin cartoons. It was suggested that Andrews saw her
relationship with him as a means of halting her slump back into
obscurity, and became obsessed with eliciting a proposal of marriage
But Andrews contends that the relationship became
increasingly volatile, characterised by physical violence and
domination, and sexual demands - including anal sex, bondage and
role-play - that she found abhorrent. During their blazing rows,
threats - to expose one another's secrets to the press or the police -
seem to have become common currency. She admits that she had told
Cressman more detail than was appropriate about her time with the
Duchess. He would threaten to go to the papers with this information.
Andrews would retaliate by threatening to tell his business partners
and parents about "his dirty habits". The question of marriage - its
offer or rejection - appears to have become a shorthand between the
pair for a raft of issues around security and commitment.
"It was such a complex relationship that we had,"
says Andrews. "I was the ultimate in insecurity. He was the ultimate
in commitment-phobia. I would threaten to leave. He would tell me to
leave. Then he would reel me back in. He knew which carrots to dangle.
He knew which strings to pull."
In the winter of 1998, Andrews broke her wrist
after Cressman - she believes deliberately - let go of her hand while
dancing with her aggressively. Afterwards, she says, he insisted that
she stay with him at his home in Fulham so that he could look after
her. Friends of Cressman contend that she used her injury as an excuse
to move in.
But why move in with someone who had been violent
towards her? "I so wanted this relationship to work. I never knew when
his moods were going to change. He could be so incredibly nice one
minute and then with absolutely no reason whatsoever he would hit me
with this wooden brush he kept. He always made me feel it was my
fault. He would say I was weak and he was trying to toughen me up."
"I sensed that her broken wrist had a story behind
it," says Lucinda Ellery, a businesswoman based in west London, who
first met Andrews at Ascot in 1995. "He talked over her rather than to
her. He would be quite capable of humiliating someone he was with."
During the final year of their relationship, Ellery socialised
frequently with Andrews and Cressman, and grew close to both of them.
Cressman telephoned her the morning of the day he died to discuss
Andrews' latest suicide threats. After the killing, Ellery was
instrumental in locating Andrews in Cornwall.
"She was very sweet, quite shy, just lovely. Janey
reminded me of a delicate bird. You wanted to pick her up carefully so
as not to damage her wings. But she could put on a good show -
happy-go-lucky, confident, relaxed - and of course she wasn't any of
She was terribly beautiful, she adds, with a
much-admired figure, a recollection that jars with the wan, wasted
individual who hunches in the visiting room of Bullwood Hall. "The
reports that she was a gold-digger were rubbish. She could have taken
her pick. She had a lot going for her. I think she genuinely fell for
Tommy big time, and unfortunately her feelings were stronger than
Ellery liked Cressman, too. "I'm sure he was quite
spoiled, a wilful chap, but very interesting, always with a laugh in
his throat about something. He was very charming, very much a little
boy. He could be manipulative, but bottom line, he didn't deserve to
Ellery contends that she recognised that the
relationship was a deeply destructive one, although Andrews never
spoke of this to her directly. She says she believes Andrews'
allegations that Cressman was physically and sexually abusive towards
her. Why didn't she talk to her about it? Andrews was a very closed
person, says Ellery, familiar with keeping secrets. "Don't forget she
spent 10 years with the royal family. She was intensely loyal. She
trusts no one."
It was a dangerous relationship, she says, although
she always thought it would be more dangerous for Andrews. "I thought
it would push her over the edge and that she would take her own life,
not his. There is no doubt in my mind that Janey had cracked up at the
time [of Cressman's death]. She wasn't well in body or in mind. It was
an accident waiting to happen and unfortunately those closest to her
weren't able to see the signs, because she did put on such a good
show. There must have been a great deal of anger there. Tommy just
pushed the buttons."
Ellery is by no means blithe about her friend's
actions, but is passionate about her need for rehabilitation. "There
can never be justice for Tommy. He's dead, and there is nothing you
can do that will bring him back or make his family feel better. But
now we're dealing with the living. And how do you deal with someone
who is so clearly damaged? She needs proper psychiatric help. How do
you come to terms with killing anyone, let alone someone who you're
crazy about? There were two people involved in this and they were both
responsible for what happened."
But for Cressman's parents, Andrews' allegations
simply formed a tissue of lies. At the time of the trial, both his
father and his mother, Barbara, denounced her claims about her
relationship with their son. "She tried hard to destroy his reputation
but, thank the Lord, she didn't do it," said Harry Cressman. His
former wife added that she had no sympathy for Andrews. "Tom was a
kind, affectionate and devoted son." When contacted this month, Harry
Cressman reiterated his family's dismissal of Andrews' claims,
pointing out that a number of his son's ex-girlfriends had insisted
that he had never subjected them to any physical or sexual abuse
during their relationships with him.
The verdict of murder by the jury suggests that
they rejected Andrews' account of the background to the killing,
including the abuse, which she has described to the Guardian in
greater detail than she did in court.
Andrews says that she had been aware of Cressman's
broad sexual tastes from early on in their relationship, when she
discovered some women's thigh-length boots and leather bondage
accoutrements in his wardrobe. She says that she told him then that
their relationship could not continue, but that he begged her to stay.
She took the boots to a charity shop. When Cressman found out, she
says he hit her.
Cressman was an avid collector of militaria,
including German army uniforms and SS weaponry. One of his most prized
possessions was a chunk of wood reputed to be from Hitler's desk. On
one occasion, Andrews recalls he asked her to dress up as a
schoolgirl, in a short pleated skirt and one of his old school ties.
He donned a mortarboard and cloak, and tied her to the bed with
another tie. He brought in a short curved dagger. "We'd both had quite
a bit to drink that night. While I tend to go numb and lifeless when
I'm drunk, Tom would become loud and careless. He was shouting at me
to spread my legs, doing this stupid German voice. He was wielding
this knife. What he meant to do was spread my legs by touching them
with this knife, but I struggled and he caught the back of my right
leg and cut me. It wasn't deep but it was sore.
"I was so frightened I spread my legs at that
point. He just buggered me. I didn't resist because if I did it hurt
like hell. Nine times out of 10 he used to come inside me, which
really disturbed me, or he would come out and ejaculate over me, and
rub it all over me, even my hair.
"There was one occasion when I was having problems
and couldn't go to the loo. He'd had anal sex with me and when he came
out he'd got excrement on his penis. He grabbed hold of my hair and
screamed at me and yanked me down and made me lick it off."
What makes Andrews' story even more troubling is
the fact that she seldom explicitly told Cressman that she found his
behaviour distasteful. But she never said no to anybody.
"Why did I stay? There isn't a short answer. I
stayed with Tom for a thousand and one reasons, because, every time he
was violent or abusive, apologies came and he said he would change.
Because he made me feel I was the one that was causing him to do it. I
came to the point of not knowing what was right and what was wrong. He
played mind games with me. Why did he take me to the Cotswolds to look
for houses before we went to Italy [in September 2000, just before the
killing]? All his friends and family say it's a figment of my
imagination. That's why I made my original solicitor track down the
estate agent in Chipping Norton where they discovered he'd registered
us as Mr and Mrs Cressman. It's silly things like that that it's
important for people to believe."
In her report, which forms the main grounds for the
appeal, psychiatrist Dr Fiona Mason argues that Andrews would have
found behaviour such as Cressman's extremely difficult to cope with.
"She became unable to remove herself from the relationship, and was
increasingly hopeless. She also became depressed, anxious and fearful
- such a pattern of symptoms is not uncommon in women involved in
violent, abusive, traumatic relationships. It is also common that
those suffering from such symptoms do not seek medical attention or
help, for a number of reasons, including guilt and shame."
It was in this state that Andrews took her final
trip with Cressman to a boat show in Italy, then on to his family's
villa on the French riviera. At her trial, the court heard that during
this holiday, from which they returned the day before the killing,
Cressman had told Andrews that he had no intention of marrying her.
Andrews disputes this. "I'm never going to be able to prove it," she
says. "I'm sat here now and I've got absolutely nothing to lose. If it
was true that he said he wasn't going to marry me, then I'd say so. He
may very well have said it to other people."
But why then did she make several calls on her
mobile phone on the return journey to Nice airport, with Cressman and
his mother in the car, saying that the relationship was over and he'd
told her he'd never propose? "I was trying to goad him. I was being a
complete bitch. It was the thing I said whenever we fought: 'You don't
love me any more, you don't want to marry me.' I'm not making excuses
for what ended up happening, I'm just trying to get across that there
was no planning to kill him, no premeditation."
Andrews' memories of the day of Cressman's death
remain extremely fragmented: she has given different accounts. This is
her best recollection of it. On the plane back from Nice, Cressman had
agreed to go for counselling for what Andrews describes as "his sexual
perversions and his black moods". The next morning he had changed his
mind. Andrews responded angrily. Cressman told her he "wanted her
out". A physical fight ensued and Cressman throttled her.
Leaving Andrews upstairs, Cressman went to
telephone 999. He told the operator, "We are rowing and someone is
going to get hurt. I would like somebody here to stop us hurting each
other, because if we don't have somebody here soon, somebody is." In
the background, a woman's voice can be heard faintly, screaming for
help, although this was not noted at the trial.
Andrews attempted to call her ex-husband, but as
the call connected, Cressman returned upstairs and threw the phone
across the room. According to Andrews, Cressman pushed her down, tied
one hand to the bed and anally raped her, saying, "I'm really going to
hurt you and nobody will believe you."
On being freed, Andrews ran into the dressing room.
Cressman followed and sat on a stool in the doorway, blocking her exit
and pushing her back when she tried to leave. He was acting as though
nothing had happened, flicking through some papers. Andrews was by now
completely hysterical. "I was calling him every name under the sun,
then I started assassinating my own character. I told him everything
people had done to me, that I'd allowed other people to have anal sex
with me. I think he was very shocked. What he had just done was the
final insult, the final injury. I had no intention of ever marrying
him. I didn't want this man any more, who for the past two and a bit
years had belittled me, abused me, pushed me backwards and forwards."
Around lunchtime, Andrews finally persuaded
Cressman to let her leave. As she drove away, she called him on her
mobile to say, "I've tricked you, you bastard, I'm never coming back."
But, of course, she did. Over the next few hours, the couple exchanged
a number of telephone calls, trading insults and accusations, both
seemingly incapable of disengaging from the dangerously volatile
situation. Andrews was threatening suicide once again. Cressman
refused to take her seriously, even going so far as to suggest the
method she should use - a fact corroborated by his mother's statement
to the police.
While Andrews was out of the house, she posted to
Cressman's parents some pornographic emails written by their son to an
American woman named Deborah DiMiceli whom he had met at a conference
in Las Vegas earlier that year. During the morning she had also faxed
copies to DiMiceli's employers. Much was made at her trial of one
email in which he wrote, "The girlfriend is getting a little like that
pair of slippers I can't throw away! In some ways this is good, in
some it is bad." Andrews had originally discovered them six months
earlier, in March. Unbeknown to her until many months after Cressman's
death, a ream of other emails had been exchanged between the pair.
These were recovered by the police from Cressman's hard disk. What is
certain is that these graphic emails, seen by the Guardian, do bear
out some of the sexual issues that Andrews talks about, including the
use of certain clothing, domination and anal sex.
Incredibly, Andrews eventually returned to the
house. "Of course a part of me still wanted to go back. I couldn't
believe what had happened in the morning. I remember watching him
through the window. He was sitting in an armchair watching television.
I was scared, and when he heard me he leaped up. I thought he was
going to be angry but instead he threw his arms around me and said
'welcome home'. It was all mind games."
Within 10 minutes, she says, Cressman's mood had
changed and he shouted in anger when Andrews dropped a glass of water
on the floor. Further arguments ensued over the evening. Later,
Cressman retired to bed while Andrews remained downstairs, confused
and distressed. Eventually Cressman asked her if she was coming to
bed. "Where do you want me to sleep?" she asked. "With me, of course."
However, when Andrews got under the covers, she says, he attempted to
penetrate her anally again. She resisted and Cressman started
shouting, "You know you like it," and hitting her with his hands.
Andrews went downstairs, but later returned to her sleeping lover. She
recalls feeling panicky and frightened.
She remembers possibly drifting off and then being
awoken by Cressman hitting her, shouting, "I'm going to fucking kill
you." She had fetched a cricket bat and knife upstairs, though her
account of when and what triggered her to do so remains confused.
Cressman was injured by a heavy blow from a cricket bat to his head
and Andrews says she has a memory of "freaking when I realised I had
hit him". She recalls her hair being pulled and Cressman bearing down
on top of her, the knife having entered his chest.
The next thing she recalls is being on the other
side of the bedroom door, hanging on to the door handle, believing
that Cressman was coming after her. She tied the door handle to the
bannister. She does not recall showering, but does remember being cold
and then being warm. She remembers looking in the mirror in the
dressing room and knowing that she "had to go".
Cressman's body was found by an employee on Monday
afternoon, two days later. Two days after that, the police found
Andrews in a layby in Cornwall, curled up under a blanket in the back
of her VW Polo. She had taken an overdose. In the intervening days she
had made no report to the police; she had sent a number of bizarre
text messages, claiming that she did not know what had happened to
Cressman. "I was texting absolute gibberish. Why did I say I didn't
know what had happened? I can sit here now and say I didn't want to
believe what had happened. At the time I was feeling sheer terror,
absolute disbelief. There was no pretending. There's a big difference.
People think I tried to cover things up. Every single day I want to
In advance of the appeal, the crown prosecutor is
preparing a detailed schedule of inconsistencies in Jane Andrews'
account of the death of Cressman. If one accepts that blanks remain in
her recollection of events, through trauma and dissociation, then it
is not surprising if she is inconsistent. If not, one must conclude
that she deliberately misrepresented what happened.
At her trial, the jury plainly thought that Andrews
was a liar. Her initial denials at the time of the offence seemed
calculating. She appeared muddled and contradictory under
cross-examination. Andrews would argue that a number of factors
contributed to this unsympathetic impression: her reluctance to
mention anything negative about the deceased; her preoccupation with
protecting her family; that she was basing her account on events she
simply could not remember with sufficient clarity. The jury may have
found it hard to comprehend why a victim of anal rape would return to
her attacker on the day of the assault. Minimal psychiatric evidence
was brought before the court during the trial. Unusually, Andrews had
not been interviewed by a police psychiatrist when she was found in
Cornwall, despite the fact that she had made an attempt on her life,
although she was seen by a female doctor.
Julie Bindel of Justice For Women - the
organisation that was instrumental in the freeing of Sara Thornton,
Kiranjit Ahluwalia and Emma Humphreys, and which is supporting
Andrews' appeal - acknowledges that Andrews' case is a difficult one.
"But we don't think that being a victim makes you a nice or easy
person, nor do we take on every woman who approaches us with a sob
story. What was sounding loudest in my ears throughout the trial was
what she wasn't saying. I have never encountered a woman who killed
her partner because he wouldn't marry her. I kept an open mind when I
first met her, but felt quite profoundly that she had a story to
Bindel is particularly concerned about the ongoing
impact of the manner in which Andrews was portrayed during her trial.
"The sensationalism about her lifestyle was strange, given that she
was actually a servant... Jane Andrews is someone who bows to
authority, so she came across as very formal and cold. We believe that
she endured the abuse and violence because she wanted to be loved and
fit into a world that she could never really be a part of. Cressman
knew that he had immense power over her. She could take no more."
Jane Andrews would have it that, throughout her
life, loyalty, discretion, servility and shame have kept the truth at
bay. During some of our first meetings, she would continually assert
that she wasn't willing to be "good old Janey" any more. She insists
that she is agonised by the devastation she has wrought upon her own
family, and that of Thomas Cressman. But she is equally insistent that
the time has come to tell her story in full.
At the end of our last meeting, I asked her again
if she was telling the truth. She said yes.
Former royal aide is found guilty of love rage
By Michael Seamark and Richard Kay -
May 17, 2001
Jane Andrews was jailed for life yesterday after being found guilty
of murdering her lover in a rage of thwarted hopes.
Sentencing the Duchess of York's former dresser, an Old Bailey
judge told her: 'In killing the man you loved, you ended his life and
ruined your own.'
Andrews beat businessman Thomas Cressman with a cricket bat and
stabbed him in the chest with a kitchen knife after he refused to
marry her in September last year.
Then she left him dying in his bed as she went on the run,
contacting friends on her mobile phone to pretend she knew nothing of
Last night 34-year-old Andrews, the builder's daughter from
Cleethorpes who clawed her way to a job at Buckingham Palace, was on
'suicide watch' at Holloway Prison in North London.
As a spurned lover, she had embarked on revenge to rival that of
Glenn Close's obsessed character in Fatal Attraction.
And as she began her prison term last night, fresh revelations
emerged about the true nature of the woman who tried to persuade the
jury she was a fragile victim of a domineering man.
Royal aides believe Andrews 'fleeced' the Duchess of £10,000 in the
nine years she spent travelling the globe with her.
A former lover, Dimitri Horne, the stepson of a Greek shipping
magnate, told how she also plundered £8,000 from a family bank account
when he ended their affair.
And when police searched the house where Andrews killed Mr
Cressman, they found £12,000 of silverware and jewellery belonging to
the London jewellers for whom she worked.
Yesterday Andrews was allowed to remain seated as the jury of ten
women and two men returned their 11-1 majority verdict after
deliberating for almost 12 hours.
Mr Cressman's mother Barbara and father Harry clasped each other in
tears. Andrews's father David gasped in disbelief and her mother June
wept in despair.
Andrews, clutching a white handkerchief and dressed in black, sat
silently as the Recorder of London, Judge Michael Hyam, recalled the
horror of what she had done.
'It is evident when you made the attack upon him you were consumed
with anger and bitterness. Nothing can justify what you did,' he told
'It was a brutal attack and even if you felt yourself wronged and
you were, as your counsel has said, emotionally vulnerable, you were
attacking an unarmed man who had possibly been asleep only a few
minutes before you attacked him.
'After you had struck him with a cricket bat and then stabbed him
with a knife you left him to die without remorse.
'It is true that your flight was obviously unprepared and the
attack had taken place perhaps only with a few minutes premeditation.
As your counsel recognises, there is only one sentence I can pass upon
you and that is one of life imprisonment.'
Moments earlier Andrews's QC, John Kelsey-Fry, told the court:
'Whatever is said, there is one aspect of this case which has always
been beyond any doubt at all. That is that this defendant clearly
adored Tom Cressman, so much as to be beyond her own control.
'There can be little doubt this defendant is emotionally
'This killing was born more from that emotional vulnerability
rather than any inherent evil or wickedness.
'This appalling crime was driven by passion and any suggestion that
it was clinically planned or premeditated beyond a few minutes before
the killing itself does not bear close analysis.'
But the manner of Andrews's defence, in which she accused Mr
Cressman of anally raping her hours before she killed him, dismayed
his family and the detectives who investigated his death.
Detective Chief Inspector Jim Dickie, who led the murder inquiry,
said: 'She murdered him in life and murdered him again in death by
trying to ruin his reputation.'
In a statement, the Cressman family said: 'Although the verdict we
have just heard will not bring Tom back, we now have a conclusion. Our
faith in British justice has been rewarded.
'The jury has confirmed the view of the family and the police that
this was a case of premeditated murder, and that Jane Andrews's lies
to cover up her actions were not believed.'
Speaking later, Mr Cressman was asked whether he had any sympathy
He replied: 'Having lost a son at her hands, how can I have sorrow
for her really? I feel the holiday she is going to have is the holiday
'She tried hard to destroy his reputation but, thank the Lord, she
didn't do it. At this time we would like to say we feel sorry for
Jane's family who have effectively lost a daughter.'
The Duchess of York, who was in Seattle yesterday promoting
Wedgwood pottery, made no comment on the verdict.
The discovery that her former aide had helped herself to up to
£10,000 from her private accounts only came to light after she left
Although technically Andrews was Sarah's dresser, her main task was
to shop for the Duchess.
'Jane was accountable to no one,' says a royal source. 'She held
the credit cards, she had her own cash card. She defined the budget.
'It was in that period when the Duchess was hugely in debt and
there was no proper accounting. It was during the dark days, the mad
days when the Duchess's overdraft was in the millions.'
Andrews was then living in a flat in exclusive Prince of Wales
Drive, overlooking Battersea Park.
'We always wondered how a girl on £22,000 a year could afford to
live in such style,' said the source.
The same questions arose over the years at how Andrews managed to
maintain such a lavish wardrobe, for she was always impeccably dressed
when she accompanied the Duchess.
According to aides, when she acquired clothes for Sarah she divided
them between herself and the Duchess. 'It was the "one for her, two
for me" approach, the kind of pilfering that if they know about it,
royals always turn a blind eye to.'
Friends of the Duchess have been dismayed by claims in court that
Andrews was 'close' to Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie.
They maintain this was simply not true. They also deny her claims
in court that she worked 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
'Her day was over at 5pm,' says a former colleague.
'Jane was a highly strung girl, you were always on your guard
'Nothing was ever what it seemed with her.
'On the surface she could be very naive, almost benign. Underneath
it was the reverse. She was very two-faced and people didn't trust
'There was always something brooding about her, she was emotionally
obsessive. I never saw Jane laugh much. She was quite calculating but
not particularly bright. And there were histrionics too.'
During a brief period on remand while she awaited trial, Andrews
declared her rather grand tastes to a prison warder: 'I only drink
bottled water,' she said.
But as the trial went on, she apparently became resigned to a fate
in which the finer things would be relegated to memory.
In a phone call to a friend during the hearings, she said: 'I'm
facing life imprisonment but it doesn't matter what the sentence.
'I've got to face this for the rest of my life.'