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Andrew Philip KEHOE






A.K.A.: "The Bath School murderer"
Classification: Mass murderer
Characteristics: The bombings comprised the deadliest act of mass murder in a school in U.S. history
Number of victims: 44
Date of murder: May 18, 1927
Date of birth: February 1, 1872
Victims profile: 3 men, 3 women (including his wife) and 38 children
Method of murder: Bombings (dynamite and hundreds of pounds of pyrotol)
Location: Bath Township, Michigan, USA
Status: Committed suicide the same day (killed in the explosions)


Bath postmaster Glenn O. Smith GLENN O. SMITH,
Bath postmaster,

     Glenn O. Smith was born in Bath township, May 18, 1894. He began his education in Bath school district number nine and later graduated from Bath High School. He went to Michigan State College for one year and he also went one year to the Ferris Institute. After finishing school, he worked in Detroit and Chicago.

     He then returned to Bath and married Miss Ester McFarren. One child was born to them, Betty Marie, born February 27, 1921, and died December 28, 1924. This was a terrible shock to both of them.

     They worked her father's farm in Bath township until 1920 when he was appointed postmaster.

     Glenn was well liked and noted for his honesty. Because of his courage, he often put himself in danger to help other people. He worked faithfully in the wreckage trying to get children out until he became faint and realized that he would have to get some fresh air. He went out to the sidewalk and he was with his father-in-law, Nelson McFarren, and Mr. Huyck, the superintendent, when Kehoe blew his car up in the street.

     Glenn's right leg was blown nearly off at the thigh and his left leg had a terrible cut above the ankle. He was still conscious when help reached him. As the men bound his leg with a belt furnished by some one in the crowd, he nformed them when it was tight enough. He must have been hurt internally. The ambulances began to arrive about that time and they rushed him to the hospital. He commenced sinking and he died about the time they reached the hospital.

     He leaves besides his many friends a heart-broken wife, two brothers and two sisters. Interment was in Bath cemetery.


Nelson McFarren with granddaughter NELSON McFARREN,
with his little granddaughter, Betty Smith

     Nelson McFarren was killed with Glenn O. Smith, postmaster, and E. E. Huyck, the superintendent, when Kehoe called them to his car and blew it up.

     Mr. McFarren was born in Washtenaw county, Michigan, May 25, 1852. He came to Bath with his father, John McFarren, at the age of fifteen and assisted his father in clearing up a homestead. On attaining his majority, however, he left home and started out in life for himself soon afterwards purchasing forty acres. After clearing and building, he purchased a second forty acres which he logged off and soon had under cultivation, one of the best farms in Bath township.

     In March, 1883, occurred the marriage of Nelson McFarren and Miss Ada Saxton, a native of Oakland county, Michigan, and a daughter of J. B. Saxton, who was born in New York and came to this state at an early age, establishing his home in Clinton county.

     In the family of Mr. and Mrs. McFarren there were born three children, Floyd who died in young manhood and Harry who has been a rural mail carrier out of Bath for thirteen years, except during the World War. He came back without getting wounded, except for being gassed. His daughter, Esther, was the wife of Glenn O. Smith.

     Mr. McFarren retired from the farm and moved into Bath village about 1920 where he had resided until he was killed by Kehoe.

     He leaves besides the two children, his wife, Mrs. Ada McFarren, and many friends. Burial was in Bath.


Superintendent Emory Huyck SUPERINTENDENT EMORY E. HUYCK,

     Emory E. Huyck, born in Butternut, Michigan, July 3, 1894, graduated from Carson City High School and went some to the Ferris Institute. After spending some time in the army during the World War, he entered the Michigan State College at East Lansing, January, 1919, taking Bachelor's degree and agriculture. Mr. Huyck graduated on June 21, 1922, taking a position as superintendent of the Bath Consolidated School the same summer. He held the job until he was killed, May 18, 1927, by Andrew Kehoe.


Blanche Harte

    Blanche Elizabeth, the youngest daughter of Martin and Annadella Beuhler, was born February 24, 1897, in Victor township. She graduated from the tenth grade at Dewitt. Later she graduated from the Lansing High School. The following year she graduated from the Clinton County Normal.

     June 4, 1919, she was united in marriage to Roscoe Harte of Bath. The first year of their married life was spent on his father's farm, later moving to their own farm west of Bath. A year ago they moved to their present home in Bath.

     She was a conscientious worker in school, church and social activities, and for the past eleven years was a teacher in the rural schools of Clinton County.

     She was severely injured in the terrible explosion of the Bath school. She passed away at the Sparrow hospital, May 19, 1927.

     Besides her husband, she leaves her father and mother, one sister, Mrs. Stella Schoals, numerous relatives and a host of dear friends.

     The funeral was held at her late home in Bath. Reverend Coleman of Dewitt officiated and Mrs. Mabel Hunter sang. Many people followed her remains to its final resting place, the Wilsey cemetery. Six old classmates acted as pall bearers.


Miss Hazel Weatherby

    Hazel Iva Weatherby, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Weatherby, was born September 20, 1906, met with tragic death, May 18, 1927, while on duty as teacher at Bath.

     Hazel finished the grades at Weatherby school at an early date, and graduated with the class of 1924, at Lakeview High School. Her course in higher education was taken at Mt. Pleasant, receiving her life certificate in 1926.

     In the fall following her graduation, she accepted a position to teach the third and fourth grades in Bath consolidated school, at which post of duty she met with her tragic death, May 18, 1927, lacking just one day of having completed a very successful year of teaching and had already signed a contract to fill the same position another year.

     Hazel's one joy when not on duty was to be at home. Her thoughts were like this: It matters little, mother, where I am, or what the tasks my fingers find to do; new friends, new scenes, new thoughts though I may know, my heart turns, always, mother mine, to you.

     When she was found in the wreckage, there was a child in each arm. She was taken to Howard City, the home of her parents.

     Sunday, May 22, one hundred and fifty cars followed the sad cortege from the home to Amble church and cemetery, where interment was made on the family lot. The most beautiful blossoms of springtime were heaped upon her casket and covered the rooms at her home and at the church, sent by sympathetic friends from all points of the compass.

     Reverend Lewis E. Price preached the funeral sermon and paid high tribute to the splendid young woman who had laid down her life clutching the children she loved so well, trying to protect them from harm.

     Undertaker Bert E. Meier had charge of the arrangements. The Amble choir provided the funeral music.


Henry and Herman Bergan

    Henry Bergan was born in Livingston county near Howell, Michigan. He was fourteen years old and in the sixth grade. He was a born horticulturist and he had a nice garden every year. It was hard for his father to get him to do other farm work. Henry thought a great deal of his school.

     Herman Bergan, eleven years old, was in the fourth grade.

     He worked with his brother in the garden, but was more his mother's boy, seeing that she always had wood and water in the house. When she fed the chickens he was always on hand so that she would not have to climb up in the corn crib. He told her that he was younger and could do it easier.

     These boys left their broken-hearted father and mother, and one older brother. They are buried at Okemos, Michigan.


Arnold Victor Bauerle

    Arnold Victor Bauerle, born in Dewitt township, February 15, 1919, was in the third grade. Even at that age he had a great head for figures. He asked to be given numbers which often ran into the millions.

     His father often told him he would never be a farmer because he ate so slow.

     He was always busy at something. If not in school, he was playing baseball.

     Arnold wanted to go to Lansing with his parents on the day he was killed, but he had had whooping cough and had been out of school so much that they thought he ought not stay out of school any more. They were in Lansing at the time of the blast at the school.

     He is survived by his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Bauerle, one brother and one sister. Interment was in the Dewitt cemetery.


Floyd Edwin Burnett

     Floyd Edwin Burnett, aged eleven, was born on the Anna Hall farm, July 11, 1915.

     He was in the sixth grade and his standings were always good. He was a great boy for baseball and it was said that he was one of the best players of his age in the school.

     Floyd was a good boy to work at home. He already helped with the milking and other chores. Floyd is survived by his father, Mr. George Burnett, five sisters and three brothers.

     He is buried in the Bath cemetery beside his mother, who died several years ago.


Robert Bromund

     Robert Bromund, born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, was twelve years old.

     He was in the fifth grade. Robert did not want to go to school. He would rather have quit this spring and worked on the farm.


Amelia Bromund

     Amelia Bromund, born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, was eleven years old.

     She learned very rapidly and liked to go to school. She was in the fifth grade. Amelia thought lots of her teacher, Mrs. Blanche Harte. These children are survived by their father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Rudolph Bromund, two brothers and two sisters. Burial was in Bath.


Russell Chapman

     Russell Chapman was born October 1, 1918, in Delta township, Eaton county, Michigan.

     At the time of his death he was in the fourth grade. He liked the Bath school and was a great lover of the farm. He already could harness the horses and he liked to drag for his father.

     He was a very mischievous lad and always seemed to have a good time with everybody. Burial was in the Bath cemetery.

     He is survived by his father and mother Mr. and Mrs. C. C. Chapman, and a younger brother, Earl W., who was in the school at the time, had his back hurt and one ankle crushed. Earl was in the hospital a short time. He is now home getting along very well, but he still walks on the side of his foot.


Cleo Claton
This picture was taken when Cleo was about two years old

     Cleo Claton, an eight year old in the second grade, lived with his grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Gibbs, near Park lake. His mother died when he was about one year old.

     Cleo was not hurt in the school blast, but was killed when Kehoe blew his car up in the street. A large bolt ripped his stomach open and his back and spine were hurt. He was conscious until the very end and lived about seven hours.

     Burial was at Dimondale, Michigan.


Thelma Irene McDonald

     Thelma Irene McDonald, daughter of Reverend and Mrs. Scott McDonald, was born at Rogers City, August 22, 1919.

     She started school at the age of five and was in the third grade. She liked school, and often cried to go when only three years old. Thelma told her father and mother many times that when she grew up she was going to be a teacher.

     Besides her father and mother she leaves two younger sisters.

     She is buried in Pope cemetery at Springport, Michigan.


Robert Cochran

     Robert Cochran was born in Muskegon, Michigan, December 24, 1918. He was in the third grade. Bobby talked a great deal of being a doctor or a garage man, but his mother thinks he thought more of becoming a singer or a musician.

     Being the only child, he leaves his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Cochran, to mourn his death. Mr. Cochran was formerly in the garage business in Bath and after this tragedy, he sold out to his partner, Mr. Claude Porter, who still continues the business. Mr. and Mrs. Cochran have moved to Grand Rapids in order that they might get away from the scene of the terrible disaster.

     Robert is buried in the Otisco cemetery, Belding, Michigan.


Ralph Albert Cushman

     Ralph Albert Cushman was seven years old. He was in the third grade. Ralph was very good in school except in numbers. He wanted to stay in the second grade last year because one of his friends did not pass.

     He loved to play baseball and was at it morning and night. He played that morning before going to school. The last thing he said was, "Goodbye mama, I'll be good." He was one of the last found in the ruins. He leaves to mourn him, his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Albert Cushman, and one sister, Josephine. Interment was in Bath cemetery.


Earl Edwin Ewing

     Earl Edwin Ewing, eleven years old, was born in Climax, Michigan, where his father was a storekeeper at the time, later selling out and moving to Ovid, where Earl started school and went for one year. Then his parents moved to Bath where Earl went to school. He was in the sixth grade at the time of his death. He was always a good boy to work.


Katherine Onalee Foote with her young sister Joyce

and her sister, Joyce

    Katherine Onalee Foote was born May 29, 1917, planned on going through school and becoming a teacher. If her plans had not been brought to an abrupt end by this terrible disaster, she would likely, have been through school very young, as she was in the sixth grade at the age of ten.

     Interment was in Bath.


Margory Fritz

     Margory Fritz was born in the south edge of Clinton county in 1918. She attended the County Line School until 1926 and at that time her people came to Bath and bought a farm so that they could have better school conditions for their children. Margory was in the fourth grade and her teacher, Miss Weatherby, was killed at the same time.


Carlyle Walter Geisenhaver

     Carlyle Walter Geisenhaver was born December 28, 1917.

     He was in the fourth grade. Carlyle was very good in school and his report card always had high marks on it.

     His idea was to become a farmer. He dragged for his father and milked one cow and weighed the milk night and morning. Carlyle planned on having a nice garden this summer. He had already purchased his seed. He planned on going fishing this summer if he kept the weeds out of his garden. Carlyle always planned to have his work done first.

     He is survived by his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Geisenhaver, one brother, Kenneth, who was slightly bruised on the head, and one brother, Jack, five months old.

     He was laid to rest beside his infant twin sisters, Doris and Dorothy, in the Gunnisonville cemetery.


Beatrice Gibbs

     Beatrice Gibbs was born near Holt in Ingham county, May 17, 1917. She was in the fourth grade.

     She lay at the point of death for four days. The fifth day X-ray pictures were taken. Both legs were broken in two places, the right leg was badly lacerated, the left arm was broken above the elbow, and the elbow was fractured. There was also a large gash in the back of her head. Casts could not be used on account of so many lacerations, so a frame was arranged over her bed by the physician as shown in the picture. Ropes and weights were used. At first they used thirty-five pounds of lead. As she improved the weights were lessened until she finally only had five pounds. When she came to after the explosion, she says there was a radiator hanging right over her but when Kehoe blew himself up in the street the radiator disappeared. She was ten feet in the debris.

     After three months of intense suffering, Beatrice died in the St Lawrence hospital Monday night, August 22, following an operation for the removal of a splinter from her hip. This makes the forty-fifth victim of the Bath school tragedy.

     She is survived by her mother and father, Mr. and Mrs. John F. Gibbs, and a little brother who live near Park lake.

     Interment was at Chesaning, Michigan.


Iola Irene Hart

     Iola Irene Hart, born June 19, 1914, was in the sixth grade. Her plans for the future was to become a nurse or music teacher. She was a fine pianist for a girl of her age. One time while making her childish plans, she said, "Mama, when I get my diploma, I'm going to pick beans." Iola was very affectionate and always kissed her mother good-bye. On her last morning when she kissed her mother she said, "Now, mama, don't worry if I don't come home at noon," and her mother said, "Why do you say that?" She said, "You know I have got to write tests this morning and I might faint away." She then went and picked a bouquet of lilacs and went on to school.

     Interment was in the Rose cemetery, East Bath.

     Iola is survived by her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Hart, a sister, Elva, and a brother, Perry.


Willa Marie and George Hall

     Willa Marie Hall was born February 19, 1916. She was a very industrious little girl and planned on going through school so as to become a teacher.

     George Hall, Jr., was born October 17, 1918. He was very mischievous and never cared much about going to school. He liked excuses so he could stay out and play.

     These children are survived by their father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. George Hall, and one younger brother.

     They were laid to rest side by side in the Mt. Hope cemetery at Lansing, Michigan.


Vivian Oletta Hart

     Vivian Oletta Hart, born November 2, 1917, was in the third grade.

     She liked to sew and made all her doll clothes. Vivian played the piano well but had planned on being a singer, as she said that playing the piano was too hard work.

     She is buried in Rose cemetery in East Bath.

     She is survived by her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Hart, a sister, Elva, and a brother, Perry.


Percy Eugene Hart

     Percy Eugene Hart, born February 24, 1916, was in the third grade. He was quite a little farmer and had a garden. Percy always liked to be around the horses. His people lived in Bath and he remarked several times that he was going to go out and work his father's farm.

     Interment was in Rose cemetery in East Bath.

     Percy is survived by his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene Hart, a sister, Elva, and a brother, Perry.


LaVere Robert Harte

     LaVere Robert Harte, born in Bath township, August 26, 1917, was in the fourth grade.

     He liked to do most anything, but drawing was his main pastime. This spring he drew pictures and traded them to other children for marbles and playthings. He planned on drawing funnies or something when he grew up. He was always ready and looking forward to Sunday school.

     He left besides his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. LaVere Harte, one little brother, Neal.

     Interment was at Bath.


Gailand Lyle Harte

     Gailand Lyle Harte, age twelve, was in the sixth grade.

     He was very interested in farming and helped his father much by running the tractor and by helping milk the cows. He liked sheep and enjoyed looking after the little lambs. He liked to do things that called for the use of horses. Gailand was mechanically inclined and drove the car when his people were with him.

     Burial was in the Bath cemetery.

     Besides his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Octa Harte, he is survived by one brother, Gareth, who was in the school but jumped out of the window and ran home, a distance of about two miles, and one sister, about a year and a half old.


Stanley Horace Harte

     Stanley Horace Harte, age twelve years, was in the sixth grade. He was quiet and kept his own counsel. He was small for his age but could keep his end up in games and sports with children much larger than he.

     He leaves besides his mother, Mrs. Maude Harte, three brothers and four sisters. He is buried in Bath beside his father, Horace Harte, who died when Stanley, was about five.


Francis Otto Hoppener

     Francis Otto Hoppener, thirteen years of age, was born in Okemos, Ingham county. He was in the sixth grade.

     He was a great boy for machinery and seemed like a natural born mechanic. He could fix nearly any of the tools that went wrong on the farm.

     Besides his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Otto Hoppener, he leaves a brother and a sister at home.

     Interment was at Okemos, Michigan.


Cecial Lorn Hunter

     Cecial Lorn Hunter was born in Dolphen, Manitoba, Canada, December 16, 1913. He was in the sixth grade.

     Cecial was a great hand for horses and had planned to work out this summer so he would have money to buy lots of good clothes for this winter.

     He is survived by his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. George Hunter, two sisters and one brother.

     Interment was at Laingsburg, Michigan.


Doris Elaine Johns

     Doris Elaine Johns was born in Bath, October 17, 1919.

     She was in the third grade. Doris liked school and always got good marks. She was a very quiet, well-liked, little girl. Doris was planning to take lessons on the violin at the time of her death.

     Her people live about one block from the schoolhouse and when her mother got there she found Doris hanging up by the legs and had a man get her down. She must have been killed instantly.

     Burial was at Bath. Besides her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Ira Johns, she leaves two small brothers, a sister, Pauline, and another who is younger.


J. Emerson Medcoff

     J. Emerson Medcoff was born, December 30, 1917, in Lansing, Michigan. His people moved to Bath about 1920.

     He was in the fourth grade and was one of the youngest in his grade. Being very active in school he was advanced from kindergarten to the second grade.

     He was fond of baseball and all outdoor sports. He spent much time trying to make something that he could get music from. He planned on being a musician or architect.

     J. Emerson is buried in the Bath Cemetery.


Clarence Wendell McFarren

     Clarence Wendell McFarren, born in Bath township December 15, 1913, was in the sixth grade.

     He was a natural born mechanic and loved nature. He had to stay home from school a short tune before his death with a bad cold. While he had to stay in the house, he built what he called his tractor out of some spools and old clock springs. He had it arranged so that it would run on the floor.

     Clarence is buried in the family lot at Laingsburg, Michigan.

     Besides his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Wendell McFarren, he is survived by a brother, Arthur, who was in the school at the time but escaped by being only badly shaken up, and one sister, Cassie, age seventeen. She graduated this year, but was not in the school at the time of the disaster.


Ruth, Ottelia & Emma Amelia Nickols
Left to right, RUTH and OTTELIA NICKOLS

     Emma Amelia Nickols, age thirteen, was in the sixth grade, Emma was killed.

     Her sister, Ottelia, was eleven years old.

     Ottelia had her face badly cut and burned and her thumb nearly cut off.

     Another sister, Ruth, was eight years old.

     Ruth had a badly fractured hip and she is just commencing to get around on it at this time.

     Emma leaves besides her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Henry Nickols, these two injured sisters, another sister, and two brothers.

     Interment was at Bath.


Elsie Mildred Robb

     Elsie Mildred Robb was born in Kinmundy, Illinois, Decemnber 20, 1914.

     She was in the sixth grade. Elsie always planned on going to college to prepare herself for a teacher. She had often spoken how she liked the Bath school and her teacher, Mrs. Harte. She attended Sunday School in Dewitt.

     Elsie is survived by her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Robb, four sisters and one brother.

     She is buried in the Dewitt cemetery.


Richard Dibble Richardson

     Richard Dibble Richardson was born October 11, 1914, in Dewitt township, where his people still live, but they are in the Bath school district. He was in the sixth grade.

     Richard was a great boy for machinery and knew how to put tools together on the farm. He could run the tractor. His father had given him an acre of ground to put into beans this year.

     A year ago he took all of his money out of the bank which amounted to about thirty-two dollars, and bought a Holstein calf from his father. He just completed arrangements for selling the heifer back to his father for one hundred dollars. He was very conservative and was planning how he would invest his money.

     A girl in his room said that a radiator fell on him. His skull was crushed and he was killed instantly. He is survived by his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Guy Richardson, and two sisters, Virginia and Martha. Interment was in Bath cemetery.


Virginia and Martha Richardson, Richard and Mrs. Guy Richardson
(Left to right, front row) VIRGINIA and MARTHA RICHARDSON, (Back row) RICHARD and their mother, MRS. GUY RICHARDSON

     Virginia Blanche Richardson was eleven years old and in the fifth grade. She was in the school at the time and fell from the second floor. When asked about the tragedy, she says everything went into the air and she put her arms over her face. She looked for the door and not being able to find it, saw a light and went out through the wall which had been blown away.

     Before the explosion she met her brother on the stairs as she was going up and they smiled at each other. That was the last time she saw him alive.

     The other sister, Martha Harriette, a nine year old, was in the fourth grade. She thought she fell out of her seat. Martha tried to call to her teacher, Miss Weatherby, who was killed, but found she could not speak, finally, her speech came to her and she called to her daddy.

     Three stitches were taken in her chin. Her instep on one foot was cut to the heel, the other leg was bruised and raked.


Pauline Mae Shirts

     Pauline Mae Shirts was born in Midland county, May 19, 1916, where her father ran a filling station until March 10, 1927, when he moved on his farm in Bath township.

     Pauline was a very friendly child and made friends with most everyone. Her ambition was to become a teacher. She was always playing school at home.

     Burial was in the Bath cemetery.


Elizabeth Jane Witchell

     Elizabeth Jane Witchell, age ten, was born on the Enos Peacock farm east of Bath. She was in the fifth grade.

     Her parents are Mr. and Mrs. Roscoe Witchell now of Lansing.

     She is buried in the Rose cemetery in Bath township.


Lucile June Witchell

     Lucile June Witchell, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Roy Witchell, was born in Ingham county, just south of the Mt. Hope cemetery, Lansing. She was nine years of age and in the fourth grade.

     She was very brilliant in school and had no trouble in making her grades. She got A's on every report card. She learned music easily but never took to it. Lucile liked to go to school.

     She is buried in the Rose cemetery in Bath township.


Harold LeMoyne Woodman

     Harold LeMoyne Woodman, born in East Lansing, July 3, 1918, was in the third grade. He was mechanically inclined.

     His father was a mechanic at the state garage at Lansing. Mr. Woodman promised Harold that next year he would buy him an old car and let him take it apart and then he would show him how to put it back together again.

     He leaves his father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Harold Woodman, one brother, Wallace and one sister, about age three.

     Burial was in the Bath cemetery.


George Orval and Lloyd Zimmerman & Vida Marie Zimmerman

     Lloyd Zimmerman, age twelve years, was in the fifth grade and George Orval, ten years of age, was in the third grade.

     These children were both born in Muskegon, Michigan. Their folks moved to Bath about a year ago.

     Lloyd's desire was to become a floriculturist. He spent much time practicing on his violin.

     Vida Marie Zimmerman, who is shown in the picture, was a scholar of the Bath school, but was at home sick the day of the explosion.

     Lloyd and Orval are buried at Mt. Rest cemetery at St. Johns, Michigan.



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