(born July 28, 1960) is an African American serial
killer. Active in the Hudson Valley region of New York
during the early 1990s, White confessed to beating and
stabbing six women to death while on parole.
White claimed to have found
inspiration for his first murder while watching
Robocop 2: "The first girl I killed was from a 'Robocop'
movie... I seen him cut somebody’s throat then take the
knife and slit down the chest to the stomach and left
the body in a certain position. With the first person I
killed I did exactly what I saw in the movie."
This first killing took place on
March 25, 1991—after White had been convicted of
abducting a 16-year-old girl, but before he started his
prison sentence—and police did not make the connection
at the time. In a plea bargain that would later be
heavily criticized, White had pleaded guilty to a
misdemeanor for the abduction and would therefore be
eligible for parole after just one year.
White was paroled in April of 1992
and returned to Orange County, New York. White's first
victim was the young niece of his girlfriend at the end
of June, and he killed four others during the month of
White's first victim was Juliana
Frank, 29, of Middletown, who was pregnant with her
third child when she was killed in 1991. Her naked body
was left on a set of abandoned railroad tracks in
Christine M. Klebbe
White's youngest victim was Christine
Klebbe, 14, who had just finished eighth grade. The
niece of White's girlfriend, Jill Garrison, Klebbe
disappeared on June 29. Her family reported her missing
on July 1, 1992 and her body was discovered in Goshen,
New York on August 4.
Laurette Reivere was killed in her
Middletown home on July 10, 1992.
Hopkins and Brenda L. Whiteside
Cousins Angelina Hopkins and Brenda
Whiteside met White at the Blue Note Tavern in
Poughkeepsie, New York on July 20, 1992. They were last
seen leaving the bar with him in his pickup truck. Their
bodies were found August 4, along with the body of
Christine Klebbe. Cause of death in both cases was
determined to be severe blunt trauma to the face and
Adriane Hunter of Middletown, was
stabbed to death in the early morning July 30, 1992. Her
body was discovered in Goshen later that day. She was
Angelina Hopkins's sister, Cecilia,
witnessed Hopkins and Whiteside leaving the Blue Note
Tavern with four men on the night of their disappearance.
Poughkeepsie police did not act on the missing person
report as they did not have enough information about the
men, so Cecilia and her mother continued investigating
on their own.
The New York State
Police began investigating on July 30, after the body of
Adriane Hunter was found and authorities began to
suspect it was related to the earlier disappearances and
On August 2, White returned to the
Blue Note where Hopkins identified him and he was
arrested. White confessed and led police to his dumping
ground in Goshen on August 4.
White was arraigned by a grand jury
on August 7 for the murder of Christine Klebbe. On
September 9, the other five murders were added to the
White was charged with six counts of
second degree murder and pleaded not guilty by reason of
insanity. White was convicted on all counts on April 14,
1993 and sentenced to 150 years to life. His sentence
began at Great Meadow Correctional Facility on May 27,
White's case was cited by New York
governor George Pataki in defense of his push to
reinstate the death penalty.
Six words tell about
January 15, 2007
Wednesday, April 14, 1993
- The day dragged on as endless as loss. The families of the
dead waited. At first, they made small talk with each other,
even sharing lunch on a picnic table outside.
In time, they fell numb
and exhausted into silence.
Only Nathaniel White
relaxed, napping and reading in his holding cell. Worrying about
catching "Cops'' on TV by 7 p.m. Maybe one day he'd be a TV
movie, too. He's been approached, you know.
Broken victims come and
go forgotten. Mass murderers always get their 15 minutes of fame.
Nathaniel White got his.
He got the news team
coverage. The curiosity seekers. The in-depth life stories on
what made Nathaniel tick.
We all stood with video
cameras and pens to tell a world that surely wanted to know all
the gory details.
White seemed to have a
jolly good time through it all. Like the jail-house New York TV
interview where he claimed ``voices'' made him kill. Just like
in the movies, you know.
Preparing for trial, he
hit the law books like so many other lawless men who suddenly
become constitutional scholars when it comes to saving
He grew fat in jail,
about 40 pounds worth, the charge of mass murder obviously
agreeing with him. Three hots and a cot, a nice law library and
a sympathetic government-paid lawyer for company, all that was
missing was a fireplace.
For the trial, he was
fitted with a free suit and bookish glasses. He went on the
witness stand and lied like a wise guy know-it-all.
The conceit of the killer
is that he will be believed. That the whole world revolves
around him and that his demands must be obeyed.
The jury spent its second
day debating the verdict of a man who had confessed to murder on
three separate occasions, a man who had led police to the
decomposed bodies while eating a slice of pizza.
While Nathaniel White
relaxed in his holding cell, the families of his dead worried.
Could the jury really buy White's line?
At 4:30, the word spread.
There's a verdict. The families of the dead filed in. Nathaniel
White came in from his holding cell, left hand in his pocket,
his mouth resting on his right fist. Disconnected.
From out of nowhere,
bystanders descended on the courtroom, standing in back.
Yes, Nathaniel White
owned the spotlight. Experts say there's not one mass murderer
who doesn't enjoy it almost as much as the killing.
And we always show up to
fulfill their exhibitionist fantasies. We the people are
addicted to violence.
Violence and cruelty is
the American pornography. It titillates.
No kidding, with a 10-inch-long
knife? How deep? Then what did he do next? Was she naked? How
mainstream media masks the gore with social concern. Why did he
do it? He had a bad childhood? What is the real Nathaniel White
What he is like is this:
He murdered five women
and one 14-year-old girl.
That's all we need to
What can be said about
Nathaniel White is what can be said about most killers.
They are empty dullards.
Stupefying in their evil, witless in their lies. Is there
anything remotely interesting about Nathaniel White?
If we want to focus on
anyone, focus on the victims. If we want to witness something
fascinating about the human psyche, witness the courage of the
victims' families. Of the families of the dead, some of whom
spent all of Easter riding around outside the county so they
would not be reminded of their pain.
See the next sunny day
and consider the six people who will not see the sky because of
Nathaniel White. Think of them out in the woods, so badly
decomposed they had to remove their remains with a shovel.
Come into the courtroom
with the family of the dead and listen to justice.
The court clerk asks, How
do you find the defendant on the charge of intentionally causing
the death of Julianna Frank?
On the charge of
intentionally causing the death of Laurette Reviere Huggins?
Of intentionally causing
the death of Angelina Hopkins?
Of causing the death of
Brenda L. Whiteside?
Causing the death of
The death of Christine M.
The jury foreman spoke
the only six words anyone need know about Nathaniel White.
Juliana Frank, 29, of
Middletown, was pregnant with her third child when she was
stabbed to death. Her body was found March 22, 1991, at the end
of Stanton Street in Middletown. She was unemployed at the time
of her death.
Angelina Hopkins, 23, of
Poughkeepsie, was the mother of two children. Her body was found
Aug. 4, 1992, off of Harriman Road in Goshen. She had been
bludgeoned to death.
Laurette D. Reviere
Huggins, 34, of Middletown, was the mother of three children.
She worked at Empire Blue Cross/Blue Shield in Middletown. Her
body was found stabbed and strangled, July 10, 1992, in her home.
Adraine Hunter, 27, of
Middletown, had two children, the youngest 4 months old. Her
body was found stabbed to death July 30, 1992, off of Harriman
Drive in Goshen. She worked with troubled adolescents at
Blueberry Treatment Center.
Christine Marie Klebbe,
14, of Goshen, completed eighth grade at Circleville Middle
School in June 1992. Her body was found Aug. 4, 1992, off of
Echo Lake Road in the Town of Goshen. Klebbe was the niece of
Nathaniel White's girlfriend, Jill Garrison.
Brenda Whiteside, 20, of
Elmsford, was a nursing student about to enter her profession.
Her body, bludgeoned to death, was found Aug. 4, 1992, off of
Harriman Drive in Goshen.
Relatives Cracked Serial-Killing
The New York Times
August 7, 1992
In a story that could come
out of a mystery novel, the critical
breakthrough in the arrest of Nathaniel White,
who has confessed to killing six people, came
not from any of the four police departments that
were investigating the slayings.
Instead, the suspect's name
was first offered to the police by the mother
and two sisters of one of the victims, who took
it upon themselves to look into the woman's
On Sunday night, after two
weeks of visiting the Bluenote Tavern here,
where Angelina Hopkins, 23 years old, and her
cousin, Brenda Whiteside, 20, were last seen on
July 20, the Hopkins family talked to the man
who had left with the two young women that
He gave them his name, and it
was Nathaniel White.
By the next morning, the
State Police had been told about Mr. White and
his criminal history. A few hours later Mr.
White was picked up for questioning. He soon
confessed to the killings, the police say.
Within 48 hours of the
Hopkins family's encounter with Mr. White, he
was telling the police where to find the bodies
of the two women.
"They did good police work,"
said Capt. Donald Briggs of the Poughkeepsie
police. "If it wasn't for them, this wouldn't be
Mr. White remains in the
Orange County jail. His lawyer, Bernard Brady,
said that he intended to plead not guilty by
reason of insanity. A grand jury is to convene
Friday to consider an indictment in one killing.
Memories of the Fatal
This afternoon, Cecilia
Hopkins, 21, sat in her mother's apartment,
waiting to prepare for her sister's funeral. She
recalled that she had been with her sister,
Angelina, and Ms. Whiteside on July 20. The
Bluenote Tavern was filled, and loud reggae and
house music pumped through the club. When the
two women left with four men, she declined to go
Later that night, the police
now say, it appears that Mr. White was left
alone with the two women.
The next day,
Ms. Hopkins and her mother filed a missing-persons
report. They gave the police nicknames and first
names for the men. But the Poughkeepsie police
said they needed more information.
"We told them to find out who
they left with and we would do the rest," said
Detective T. R. Alston of the Poughkeepsie
It was then that the Hopkins
family became private investigators.
"I couldn't sleep nights," Ms.
Hopkins said. She was haunted by memories of
sharing a room with her sister and going dancing
with her. She and her mother, Anna Theresa
Hopkins, vowed to return to the Bluenote. Police
The tavern is in a rough part
of the city, amid vacant lots and streets where
drug dealing takes place. It is not a place, the
police said, where an officer is welcome to ask
On nightly visits to the
Bluenote, Mrs. Hopkins and her daughter talked
to people who had seen the men and pieced
together more detailed descriptions. But they
still had no full names.
On Sunday night, a friend
called Cecilia Hopkins to say that one of the
men was at the bar.
The two women rushed to the
club after calling a police officer, asking that
he meet them there. "When Mr. White was
approached by the officer, he told him, 'I don't
talk to cops,' " Captain Briggs said.
Then the two women took over
and Mr. White starting talking.
that he had left with the two women on July 20,
Ms. Hopkins said, adding that he dropped them
off at a train station.
"He'd been scared to talk to
police," Ms. Hopkins said. "But he seemed to be
willing to give us whatever information he could.
He didn't seem out of the ordinary."
Ms. Hopkins gave Mr. White's
name and license number to the police. After the
Poughkeepsie police ran a check and learned of
Mr. White's criminal record, they knew they had
a suspect. The license number was for a stolen
vehicle; Mr. White had previously been convicted
of robbery and arrested in an abduction.
Before being given Mr.
White's name, the State Police had been starting
to see connections emerging among the missing
and slain women.
The State Police had begun
investigating the case on July 30, when the body
of Adraine M. Hunter was discovered in Goshen
and the local police asked for assistance. Later,
they would learn Ms. Hunter's corpse was only a
mile away from the bodies of Ms. Whiteside and
Trying to identify Ms.
Hunter's corpse, the State Police put out a
description of the body. The Poughkeepsie Police
Department told the State Police about the two
missing women. They also were aware that
Christine M. Klebbe, 14, of Goshen, had been
missing since July 1.
"We didn't have any direct
connections with the Hunter case," said Capt.
Michael Cahill of the State Police. "But there
was a lot of suspicion that there was a
connection with three other missing girls."
Don't Blame Parole for Murders
The New York Times
August 8, 1992
The case of Nathaniel White,
charged with six murders committed after his
release on parole, has revived criticism that
the parole system irresponsibly returns violent
criminals to society.
But the criticism is off
target. Parole officials apparently made
reasonable judgments in releasing Mr. White. And
it is doubtful that any feasible alternative
system would prevent such killings. There is
indeed good reason to abolish the parole system
-- but not in the mistaken belief it would
reduce violent crime.
In 1986 Mr. White pleaded
guilty to robbery and received a sentence of
three to nine years. He had no previous criminal
record and behaved well in prison. That earned
him the right to parole release when he first
became eligible in 1989.
Two years later, police say,
he murdered a 29-year-old woman in Middletown,
N.Y. But no evidence linked him to the slaying.
Instead he was arrested about the same time for
a lesser crime, brandishing a razor while
accosting a teen-age girl.
For that, court and parole
officials agreed to let him plead guilty to a
misdemeanor charge and serve nine months in jail.
He was released on parole again in April. In
July he allegedly murdered five women; he told
news reporters that he had killed because voices
told him to, and that he was imitating Robocop,
the movie character who is half human, half
Had Mr. White been made to
serve his full nine years, obviously, he would
not have been free to commit any murders. Yet
for now it's hard to fault the parole board. The
1986 conviction was Mr. White's first, and his
prison record was exemplary. He easily qualified
for release after three years. The razor
incident seemed too minor to warrant an
Some critics believe they
could prevent such violence by getting rid of
parole. True public safety, they say, lies in
requiring criminals to serve out their full
terms. Thus a few states and the Federal courts
have abolished parole, substituting fixed
sentences that permit only minor adjustments for
But the fixed sentences for
given crimes are typically far less than the
maximums possible under the parole system. They
tend to match the actual time now served by
inmates before their release on parole. Judges
have for years understood that most convicts are
released after serving a third to a half of
their maximum sentences. So they calculate
accordingly: the judge who initially sentenced
Mr. White no doubt figured his robbery was worth
three years, not nine.
Legislators could, of course,
set longer fixed terms, but only if they are
prepared to pay for more prisons. In New York,
requiring convicts to serve out the maximum
terms now imposed would immediately create the
need for at least 50,000 more cells. That would
cost $4.4 billion in capital funds and an
additional $1.25 billion annually.
New York doesn't have that
kind of money to spend on crime control. If it
did, spending such amounts on police and drug
treatment would purchase far more public safety
than using it to build more prisons.
Fixed sentences would be
preferable to parole for one powerful reason:
They would eliminate the damaging public
confusion. Had Mr. White been sentenced
reasonably to three years for robbery in 1986,
and nine months for the razor incident in 1991,
no one would now blame authorities for his
string of murders.
Truth in sentencing, in other
words, would greatly reduce public cynicism
about justice. That's more than a marginal
Court Links Abuse Count To
The New York Times
who the police say has
confessed to killing six
people was accused of
child abuse by the
Orange County Department
of Social Services about
a month before the last
five slayings, Family
Court officials said
parole official said the
parole officer for the
suspect, Nathaniel White,
was never told of the
allegation is news to us,"
said David Ernst, a
spokesman for the New
York State Division of
Parole. Information that
a parolee has molested
children, he added,
would be considered a
parole violation, and
the parolee would be
returned to jail until
the matter was
White was on parole for
a 1986 robbery
conviction. He was
arrested and charged
with a parole violation
last year for abducting
a 16-year-old girl at
knifepoint. He was
released from jail in
Monday, Mr. White
confessed to six
slayings, five of which
committed within the
previous five weeks.
Bloomer, Orange County's
Acting Commissioner of
Social Services, said it
was his department's
responsibility to notify
the parole board about
any child abuse
violations. He said he
could not discuss Mr.
because of state
Notified Social Workers
Mr. Ernst said that at
the Social Services
the parole division had
notified social workers
when Mr. White was
released from the
Facility in Malone on
April 23. On May 5, when
Mr. White's parole
officer visited the case
worker responsible for
his family court case, "the
caseworker did not
information about this,"
Mr. Ernst said.
Cameron, a clerk for
Judge Elaine Slobod of
Orange County Family
Court, said an order of
protection against Mr.
White was issued in May,
ordering him to stay at
least 1,000 feet away
from two children. Judge
Slobod also ordered that
the children be removed
from their home to
another parent's house.
Times Herald Record of
today that the children
were the daughters of
Jill Garrison, Mr.
Family Court officials
declined to identify the
Family Court hearing for
Mr. White is scheduled
for Aug. 26, Mr. Cameron
charge of Mr. White's
abuse was first reported
to the state child abuse
hot line in January,
while Mr. White was
still in jail. The
formal charges against
him in May.
officials who spoke on
condition of anonymity
said that Mr. White's
case was not a
family court violation.
Francis D. Phillips, the
Orange County District
Attorney, who had
received a copy of the
complaint, said that Mr.
White's abuse of the
children would have been
a misdemeanor if proven
true. Mr. Phillips
described it as "a
fairly mundane report."
did not set off any red
flags," Mr. Phillips