Juan Ignacio Blanco  


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Classification: Innocent
Characteristics: Miscarriage of justice - Rape
Number of victims: 0
Date of murder: September 12, 1996
Date of arrest: October 2, 1996
Date of birth: 1976
Victim profile: A five-year-old girl surnamed Hsieh
Method of murder: ???
Location: Taipei, Taiwan
Status: Executed on August 13, 1997 by lethal injection to put him to sleep then he was shot in the head. Exonerated on September 13, 2011

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Military court exonerates Chiang Kuo-ching

By Rich Chang -

September 14, 2011

A military court yesterday acquitted Chiang Kuo-ching (江國慶), who was executed for the rape and murder of a girl 15 years ago, in a posthumous trial.

Chiang was executed in 1997 after being convicted of sexually abusing and murdering a five-year-old girl.

The Military Northern District Court yesterday morning handed down the ruling after the Military Supreme Court Prosecutors’ Office filed an extraordinary appeal with the Military Supreme Court in May last year to reopen the case.

The Military Supreme Prosecutors’ Office’s legal action followed findings by the Control Yuan that Chiang had been tortured by military investigators.

The Ministry of National Defense yesterday said it was the final verdict and it would help Chiang’s family apply for national compensation.

The ministry said the court ruled that Chiang’s statements were made against his will and that the blood-soaked toilet paper and knife used as evidence against Chiang were re-examined by forensic experts, who concluded that they could not prove Chiang’s involvement in the murder.

Shen Shih-wei (沈世偉), an official with the ministry’s Judicial Department, visited Chiang’s mother Wang Tsai-lien (王彩蓮) at her apartment yesterday afternoon and delivered a copy of the ruling.

Wang’s attorney Greg Yo (尤伯祥) and two other attorneys were in the court to hear the ruling.

Yo said Chiang’s family is expected to receive about NT$100 million (US$3.3 million) in compensation.

Yo, who also represented the Judicial Reform Foundation, called on Taipei district prosecutors to quickly complete an investigation into the role and responsibility of former minister of national defense Chen Chao-min (陳肇敏) and other military officers in the wrongful execution.

Yo said Chen was the mastermind behind the botched investigation of Chiang’s case.

In an interview in the morning, Wang said: “I will bring the acquittal ruling to my son and my husband’s shrines.”

She added she would not forgive those military officials responsible and wanted to see the verdicts against former air force counterintelligence official Ko Chung-ching (柯仲慶) and others.

The Supreme Prosecutors’ Office Special Investigation Division concluded on May 24 that Chiang, who was serving in the air force command in 1996 at the time of the murder, was not guilty of the crime.

Chiang was executed at the age of 21.

The Supreme Prosecutors’ Office has since charged a new suspect, Hsu Jung-chou (許榮洲), with the girl’s murder.

Prosecutors said Chiang was tortured during questioning, including exposure to strong lights and being forced to watch a video of the girl’s autopsy. He was also threatened with an electric prod and deprived of sleep while being forced to undergo strenuous physical activities.

Prosecutors said Hsu left bloody palm prints at the scene of the crime, which a DNA test confirmed were his.

Hsu’s case is pending in the Taipei District Court.


Man found innocent 14 yrs after his execution

September 14, 2011

A Taiwanese air force man was cleared of rape and murder convictions, but he had long been executed.

Chiang Kuo-ching was caught after a five-year-old girl's remains were found in the drain outside a toilet at the Air Force Command headquarters on Sept 12, 1996.

A tissue paper with the girl's blood and Chiang's semen was found in a dustbin at the toilet, leading investigators to believe he was the murderer.

While in custody, the Private First Class was tortured into admitting to the crime he did not commit.

Chiang, 21, was executed on Aug 13, the following year.

After the execution, his father embarked on a mission to clear his son's name, but he did not live to see it come true - he died last year.

The Control Yuan of Taiwan instructed the case to be re-opened, after finding discrepancies the same year.

A task force comprising members from Taipei and Taichung district courts, and the military court was established in June.

They found that Chiang had masturbated in the toilet and some drops of his semen fell onto the tissue. He was not the murderer.

They said the girl's blood had spilled on the toilet when she was killed.

On Friday, private Hsu Jong-chou of the guard company was arrested.

Hsu admitted to have raped and killed the girl, whose father worked at the cooperative of the camp.

In fact, he had confessed to the crime three months before Chiang's execution.

"I say I did it, you all say I didn't!" he said while undergoing a lie detection test after he was caught sexually assaulting a six-year-old girl at a bowling court.

But the investigators ignored his statement because a medical report said Hsu was subnormal.

They insisted that Chiang was guilty and did not take into account Hsu's palm print that was found at the scene.

Thus, Hsu escaped the murder charge but he was still sent to the military prison for the bowling alley incident.

After his release, he sexually assaulted two five-year-old girls and went to jail again in 2003. He was only released late last year.

A mental examination report confirmed Hsu to be a paedophilia. He was a victim of domestic violence and was forced to help the father slaughter 200 to 300 geese daily.


Chiang Kuo-ching (江國慶) wrongful dead

February 2, 2011

Chiang’s story is such a sad story.  On Sept. 18, 1996, a colleague of Chiang alleged that Chiang might have been involved in the rape and murder of a five-year-old girl surnamed Hsieh (謝), whose body had been found on an air base six days earlier. Judicial authorities said former air force commander-in-chief Huang Hsien-jung ordered the air force’s counterintelligence unit to provide assistance in the investigation.

The next day, Chiang was sent to the Taipei Police Department, where he was questioned by police and military police. As investigators did not make any progress after investigating the murder for three weeks, on Oct. 2 Chen ordered the counterintelligence unit to take over the case. The unit immediately subjected Chiang to 37 hours of interrogation and torture. He cried out that he was not innocent and that he would remember every person’s name who tortured him and who falsely accused him of rapping the litter girl.  He wrote letters to his family with name of everyone who had betrayed him and tortured him.

Two days later after being tortured, Chiang confessed to the crime and the air force closed the investigation. Chiang was executed on Aug. 13, 1997 by lethal injection to put him to sleep then he was shot in the head.

In May last year, the Control Yuan censured a military court over the case, citing seven major flaws in the trial.  The next month, -Prosecutor-General Huang Shyh-ming (黃世銘) announced the creation of a task force to reopen the investigation.  Investigators said they reviewed material evidence in the case, including fingerprints, a bloody palm print and DNA from a pubic hair sample found on the girl’s right thigh.  They compared that evidence with the prints and DNA of service members in the air force at the time.

Investigators said they had found DNA and palm prints belonging to Hsu Jung-chou (許榮洲) at the scene of the crime.  Taipei prosecutors on Friday arrested Hsu and the Taipei District Court approved a request by prosecutors for his detention. Hsu has since confessed to the crime.

The President of Taiwan Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九) yesterday visited the family of Chiang Kuo-ching (江國慶), who was wrongfully executed by the military 14 years ago for the rape and murder of a five-year-old girl, and promised to clear Chiang’s name in a speedy manner. Ma apologized to Chiang and his family on Monday through Presidential Office spokesman Lo Chih-chiang (羅智強), as well as a posting on his Facebook page.  After visiting the family, Ma told reporters that Chiang’s mother and uncle said they cared more about clearing his name than receiving compensation.  Unfortunately Chiang’s father passed away a few years ago never knowing that his son has finally been cleared.  Also it turns out that the so called “evidence” against Chiang was tissue in the bathroom that had his DNA.  They alleged it was his sperm but now the truth is out and it was not his sperm but rather snot from his nose.


President Ma vows to family he will clear soldier's name

The China Post

February 2, 2011

President Ma Ying-jeou apologized personally yesterday to the family of Air Force private Chiang Kuo-ching for Chiang's possible wrongful execution in a rape and murder case 15 years ago. He vowed to pursue justice for the family.

“I am here to tell the whole world that Chiang Kuo-ching is innocent,” Ma said during a visit to Chiang's family. He hugged and assured Chiang's mother that “the government will clear Chiang's name.”

Ma also paid his respects to the picture of Chiang placed in the living room at his former home in the Yonghe District of New Taipei City.

He told Chiang's mother that he could understand the sorrow and pain she sustained over what had happened to her only son 15 years ago.

Ma said he personally held up the execution of suspects convicted in a murder case because he detected possible flaws in the probe and trial when serving as justice minister in 1996. The suspects are still appealing that case.

The president already issued a formal apology over Chiang's possible wrongful execution to the public and to Chiang's family through spokesman Lo Chih-chiang on Monday. He also apologized for the social disturbance caused by the case.

In the meeting with Chiang's family, Ma said his apology was an administrative and social apology for Chiang and his family.

But he cautioned that it would still take time to see Chiang's name cleared through the judicial system.

Ma said he has instructed the Ministry of National Defense and the Ministry of Justice to act as soon as possible to help Chiang's family apply for national compensation and find out who should be held responsible for the mishandling of the case.

He promised not to take sides in the new investigation.

The president offered informal compensation of NT$200,000 to Chiang's family. Defense Minister Kao Hua-chu, who accompanied Ma for the visit, also offered his apology along with NT$50,000 in compensation.

Chiang, an air force conscript serviceman, was indicted by military prosecutors in October 1996 on charges of raping and murdering a young girl at the Air Force Command Headquarters compound on Renai Road in Taipei in September of the same year largely based on his “confession” to having committed the crime.

But during his trial in late 1996 and 1997, Chiang recanted his confession, saying he admitted to the crime only because he was tortured while being interrogated by military investigators.

After a military court convicted Chiang, an appeals court voided the verdict and ordered the case retried.

The Air Force Command then intervened by putting the case in the hands of the panel of judges who originally convicted Chiang, and they found him guilty again in the new trial.

Chiang was executed in August 1997, less than a year after the murder occurred.

About 30 current and former military officials involved in Chiang's arrest, trial and execution are facing criminal and administrative investigations, including former Defense Minister Chen Chao-min, who served as the chief of the Air Force Command at that time.

Meanwhile, executive director Lin Feng-cheng of the Judicial Reform Foundation and Chiang's lawyer formally appealed to the Military High Court, given that prosecutors have now revealed new evidence in the case.

Last Friday, Taipei prosecutors arrested Hsu Jung-chou, who has a prior record of sexual offenses, as a suspect in the case. The Taipei District Court approved a request for his detention.

Hsu, who served along with Chiang at the air force base, admitted to prosecutors that he was responsible in the rape-murder case 15 years ago.

But Hsu's father called for the utmost caution in the new investigation and court trial so that his son will not be mistakenly charged and convicted like Chiang.



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